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Flashcards in D.h. Kap 1 Sum. Deck (6)
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Subject pronouns

Sing. Plur.
1st- ich (I) wir (we)

2nd- Sie(you;fr) Sie(fr)
du(you;ifr) Ihr(ifr)

3rd- er(he/it) sie(they)


Present tense sein

ich bin wir sind

Sie sind Sie sind

du bist Ihr seid

er/sie/es ist sie sind


Present tense conjugation of regular verbs

1. German verb endings change, depending on what the subject of the verb is. The verb endings are added to the infinitive stem. There are four basic endings in the present tense of most regular verbs: – E, – ST, – T, EN.

2. If a verb stem ends in – D or – T, the endings – ST and – T expand to – EST and – ET.

3. If a verb stem ends in a sibilant (s, ss, ß, z), the – ST ending contracts to – T.


Positioning of 'nicht'

Comes before:
1. Pred. Adjectives
2. Pred. Noun
3. Adverbs
4. Prepositions

1. Conjugated verbs
2. Adverbs of time
3. Object nouns
4. Object pronouns
*nicht always comes right after the verbs 'sein' and 'heißen'


Informational Questions

In an informational question in German, an interrogative is in first position and finite verb in second position.

Common interrogatives: wann, was, welch(er, es, e), wer, wie, was für ein, warum, wie viel/viele.


Yes/no questions

In a yes/no question in German, the finite verb is in first position.

E.g.; "Bist du müde?"
"Spielt Lea gut?"
"Arbeitest du heute?"