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Flashcards in Kap 5 Zus. Deck (11)
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Coordinating conjunctions

Aber- nevertheless

Denn- because

Sondern- rather (preceded by negative)

Oder- or

Und- and


Subordinating conjunctions

Bevor- before

Dass- that

Obwohl- although

Wenn- if, whenever

Weil- because

Wann- when


Independent clauses and coordinating conjunctions

Clauses are connected by conjunction and no change of word order


Dependent clauses and subordinating conjunctions

Clauses are connected by subordinating conjunction and in second clause the finite verb is moved to end of clause


Dative articles

M/N- dem, einem

F- der, einer

Pl- den, allen


Nouns in dative plural

Nouns in the dative plural add -n unless the plural already ends in -n or -s.

(5 words that take -n: Herr, Mensch, nachbar, Junge, student)


Dative form of 'wer'

Wem (to/for whom)


Dative pronouns (to/for __)

Ich- mir

Du- dir

Er/es- ihm

sie- ihr

Wir- uns

Ihr- euch

Sie/sie- Ihnen/ihnen


Word order of direct and indirect objects

The direct (accusative) object determines the order of objects. If the direct object is a noun, it follows the indirect (dative) object. If the direct (accusative) object is a pronoun, it precedes the indirect (dative) object.

IO before DO, unless DO is pronoun.


Common dative verbs

Antworten, danken, gefallen, glauben, helfen, gehören


Dative prepositions

Aus- out of; from (= is a native of)

Außer- besides, except for

Bei- with (at the home of); at (a place of business); near (in proximity of); while/during (indicates a situation)

Mit- with; by means of (transportation)

Nach- to (cities, countries, used without an article); after (time)

Seit- since, for (referring to time)

Von- from; of; by (the person doing something)

Zu- to (with people and some places); for (in certain expressions)