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Flashcards in Kap 5 Zus. Deck (11):
0

Coordinating conjunctions

Aber- nevertheless

Denn- because

Sondern- rather (preceded by negative)

Oder- or

Und- and

1

Subordinating conjunctions

Bevor- before

Dass- that

Obwohl- although

Wenn- if, whenever

Weil- because

Wann- when

2

Independent clauses and coordinating conjunctions

Clauses are connected by conjunction and no change of word order

3

Dependent clauses and subordinating conjunctions

Clauses are connected by subordinating conjunction and in second clause the finite verb is moved to end of clause

4

Dative articles

M/N- dem, einem

F- der, einer

Pl- den, allen

5

Nouns in dative plural

Nouns in the dative plural add -n unless the plural already ends in -n or -s.

(5 words that take -n: Herr, Mensch, nachbar, Junge, student)

6

Dative form of 'wer'

Wem (to/for whom)

7

Dative pronouns (to/for __)

Ich- mir

Du- dir

Er/es- ihm

sie- ihr

Wir- uns

Ihr- euch

Sie/sie- Ihnen/ihnen

8

Word order of direct and indirect objects

The direct (accusative) object determines the order of objects. If the direct object is a noun, it follows the indirect (dative) object. If the direct (accusative) object is a pronoun, it precedes the indirect (dative) object.

IO before DO, unless DO is pronoun.

9

Common dative verbs

Antworten, danken, gefallen, glauben, helfen, gehören

10

Dative prepositions

Aus- out of; from (= is a native of)

Außer- besides, except for

Bei- with (at the home of); at (a place of business); near (in proximity of); while/during (indicates a situation)

Mit- with; by means of (transportation)

Nach- to (cities, countries, used without an article); after (time)

Seit- since, for (referring to time)

Von- from; of; by (the person doing something)

Zu- to (with people and some places); for (in certain expressions)