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Flashcards in D.h. Kap 8 Zus Deck (10)
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The future tense

The German future tense consists of the auxiliary werden plus an infinitive in final position. In a dependent clause, the auxiliary werden is in the final position because it is the finite verb.


Future time: present tense

German uses the future tense less frequently than English. German generally uses the present tense if the context clearly indicates future time.


Uses of the future tense

1. Intention
2. Future tense
3. Assumption

Future tense is used to express intention or future time if the context doesn't make it clear that the events will take place in the future. The future tense may also be used to express an assumption (present probability) when it is used with adverbs like sicher, wohl, and schon.


Forms of wer

Nom.- wer?

Acc.- wen?

Dat.- wem?

Gen.- wessen?


Genitive (used to show possession)

M/N: Des or suffix -es

F/Pl.: Der or suffix -er

Masculine in neuter nouns of one syllable generally add -es in the genetive; masculine and neuter nouns of two or more syllables add -s. Feminine and plural nouns do not add a genitive ending.


Genitive prepositions

(An)statt- instead of

Trotz- in spite of

Während- during

Wegen- on account of


Adjective preceded by a definite article or der-word

M. N. F. Pl.
Nom. e e e en
Acc. en e e en
Dat. en en en en
Gen. en en en en


Adjectives preceded by an indefinite article or ein-word

M. N. F. Pl.
Nom. er es e en
Acc. en es e en
Dat. en en en en
Gen. en en en en


Unpreceded adjectives

M. N. F. Pl.
Nom. er es e e
Acc. en es e e
Dat. em em er en
Gen. en en er er


Ordinal numbers

1.- erst-
2.- zweit-
3.- dritt-
6.- sechst-
7.- siebt-
8.- acht-
21.- einundzwanzigst-
32.- zweiunddreißigst-
100.- hundertst-
1000.- tausendst-

The ordinals are formed by adding -t to numbers 1-19, and -st to numbers beyond 19. Exceptions are above. Ordinal numbers take adjective endings.