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Flashcards in Kap 3 Zus. Deck (12):
0

Present tense of:

Essen

Ich esse

Du isst

Er/sie/es isst

Wir essen

Ihr esst

Sie/sie essen

1

Present tense of: geben

ich gebe

du gibst

es/sie/es gibt

wir geben

ihr gebt

Sie/sie geben

2

Present tense: nehmen

ich nehme

du nimmst

er/sie/es nimmt

wir nehmen

ihr nehmt

Sie/sie nehmen

3

Word order with expressions of time and place

time expressions generally precede place expressions

4

Imperative forms

3 forms: du, ihr, & Sie(pl.&sg.)

*du- the verb stem is used without the -st or -t and the pronoun is not stated
(ex. Mach(e) das, bitte.)

*ihr- verb is the same as in the present and the pronoun is not stated
(ex. Nehmt das Brot, bitte.)

*Sie- infinitive is used and the pronoun is stated after the verb
(ex. Nehmen Sie das Brot, bitte.)

Sein:
du- Sei
ihr- Seid
Sie- Seien Sie

5

Accusative case of the definite articles

der- den

das- das

die- die (for both sg.&pl.)

6

Accusative case of nouns

A noun that is used as a direct object of a verb is in the accusative case.

A number of masc. nouns add -n or -en in the accusative singular. (der Herr= den Herrn; der Junge= den Jungen; der Nachbar= den Nachbarn; der Student= den Studeten)

7

Accusative case of wer & was

wer= wen (Wer fragt?; Wen fragt Jan?)

was= was (no change)

8

Accusative of ein, kein, and possessive adjectives

Kein and the poss. adj.s have the same endings as ein.

*only the endings of masc. accusative ein, kein and poss. adj.s change to -en

9

Accusative case of personal pronouns

ich- mich

du- dich

er- ihn

sie- sie

es- es

wir- uns

ihr- euch

Sie/sie- Sie/sie

10

prepositions with the accusative case

durch- through

für- for

gegen- against

ohne- without

um- around

11

Impersonal 'es gibt'

'Es gibt' is equivalent to English 'there is' or 'there are'. It is followed by the accusative case.