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Flashcards in D.h. Kap 7 Zus. Deck (10)
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Hin und Her

Hin- indicates motion away from speaker

Her- indicates motion towards


Movement to a position: to put verbs (wohin)

Legen, gelegt- to lay

Setzen, gesetzt- to set

Stellen, gestellt- to place (upright)

Stecken, gesteckt- to stick (into)

Hängen, gehängt- to hang


Stationary position: to be verbs (wo)

Liegen, gelegen- to be lying

Sitzen, gesessen- to be sitting

Stehen, gestanden- to be standing

Stecken, gesteckt- to inserted (into)

Hängen, gehängt- to hanging


2-Way prepositions

An- at; on; to

Auf- on, on top of; to

Hinter- behind, in back of

In- in, inside (of); into; to

Neben- beside, next to

Über- over, above; across; about

Unter- under; among

Vor- in front of; before; ago

Zwischen- between


2-way prepositional contractions

Am- an dem

Ans- an das

Im- in dem

Ins- in das

Others: aufs, hinters, hinterm, übers, überm, unters, unterm, vors, vorm


Some idiomatic verb and preposition combos

Denken an (A)- to think of/about

Erzählen von - to tell of/about

Fahren mit- to travel by (means of)

Halten von- to think of, to have an opinion of

Lachen über (A)- to laugh about

Reden/sprechen über (A)/von- to talk/speak about/of

Schreiben an (A)/ über (A)- to write to/about

Studieren an/auf (D)- to study at


Dative time expression

With time expressions an, in, and vor take the dative case.

The use of am+ a day may mean 'on that one day' or 'on all such days'.

Days, time of day, seasons, take dative.

Am Montag- on Monday, Mondays
Am abend- in the evening, evenings
In der Woche- during the week
In einem Jahr- in a year
Vor dem Essen- before the meal
Vor einem Jahr- a year ago


Accusative time expression

Nouns expressing a definite point in time or duration of time are in accusative and do not use a preposition.

Words such as nächst- and letzt- have endings like the endings for dies-. German does not say 'für' a period of time, but rather 'lang'.


Da- & wo- compounds

In german, pronouns after prepositions normally refer only to persons. German uses da-compounds to refer to things or ideas.

Was may be replaced by a wo-compound.

Wo-compounds are not used to inquire about time. Instead wann, seit wann, or wie lange is used.


Indirect questions

An indirect question is a dependent clause, the finite verb is therefore in last position. Common introductions:

Weißt du (schon), ...?
Ich möchte wissen, ...
Ich weiß nicht, ...
Kannst du mir sagen, ...?

An indirect informational question begins with the same question words that are used in direct informational questions. An indirect yes/no question begins with 'ob.' Ob means 'if/whether.'