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Flashcards in Da and Wo compounds Deck (6)
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1

da- Compounds:

Personal pronouns are used after prepositions when referring to people.  However, when you need to refer to a thing, a compound using da- (or dar- if the preposition begins with a vowel) plus the preposition is used.

auf dem Tisch (on the table) becomes darauf (on it)
in der Tasche (in the pocket) becomes darin (in it)
vor der Schule (in front of the school) becomes davor (in front of it)
hinter den Häusern (behind the houses) becomes dahinter (behind them)
zwischen dem Haus und der Schule (between the house and the school) becomes dazwischen(between them)

2

Da(r) Compounds:

daraus
out of it/them
dagegen
against it/them
darüber
over it/them
damit
with it/them
darin
in it/them
darunter
underneath it/them
davon
from it/them
daran
in it/them
daneben
next to it/them
dazu
to it/them
darauf
on top of it/them
dazwischen
between it/them
dadurch
through it/them
dahinter
behind it/them
dabei **
on me/you
dafür
for it/them
davor
in front of it/them
darum **
that's why

** Dabei and darum are idioms.  Hast du Geld dabei?  Do you have any money on you?  Darum hast du kein Glück.  That's why you have no luck.

3

Dahin

Dahin is commonly used with verbs of motion to show location, regardless of the preposition used. The English translation is usually there. Dahin can be shortened to hin in everyday speech, and sometimes dais placed at the beginning of the sentence and hin is placed at the end.

Ich muß heute zur Bank. I have to go to the bank.
Ich muß auch dahin. I have to go there too.

4

Prepositions/Pronouns that Cannot be Replaced by the -da(r) Compounds:

ohnedies
without it
stattdessen
instead
bis dahin
until then
trotzdem
nevertheless
ausserdem
besides
währenddessen
in the meanwhile
seit dem
since
deswegen
for that reason

5

wo(r) Compounds:


There are also corresponding questions word that use wo(r)- as the prefix.  Wo(r) can be substituted in all of the above da(r) compounds.  When asking about people, use a preposition and wen/wem, and use a preposition and the corresponding personal pronoun to answer. 

Worüber sprechen Sie?
Ich spreche darüber.
What are you talking about?
I'm talking about it.
Woran denkst du?
Ich denke daran.
What are you thinking about?
I'm thinking about it.
Mit wem gehst du ins Theater?
Mit ihr!
Who are you going to the Theater with?
With her!

6

Other Uses for the wo- Compounds:

Wo- compounds can also be used as shortcuts for the relative pronouns because you do not need to the know the gender or case to form the relative pronoun.  This shortcut can only be used with things and not people.

Die Uhr, mit der er reist, hat viel gekostet. = Die Uhr, womit er reist, hat viel gekostet.
The watch, with which he travels, cost a lot.

Die Stadt, in der wir wohnen, hat ein großes Konzerthaus. = Die Stadt, worin wir wohnen, hat ein großes Konzerthaus.
The city, in which we live, has a large concert hall.

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