Flashcards in Da and Wo compounds Deck (6)
Personal pronouns are used after prepositions when referring to people. However, when you need to refer to a thing, a compound using da- (or dar- if the preposition begins with a vowel) plus the preposition is used.
auf dem Tisch (on the table) becomes darauf (on it)
in der Tasche (in the pocket) becomes darin (in it)
vor der Schule (in front of the school) becomes davor (in front of it)
hinter den Häusern (behind the houses) becomes dahinter (behind them)
zwischen dem Haus und der Schule (between the house and the school) becomes dazwischen(between them)
out of it/them
next to it/them
on top of it/them
in front of it/them
** Dabei and darum are idioms. Hast du Geld dabei? Do you have any money on you? Darum hast du kein Glück. That's why you have no luck.
Dahin is commonly used with verbs of motion to show location, regardless of the preposition used. The English translation is usually there. Dahin can be shortened to hin in everyday speech, and sometimes dais placed at the beginning of the sentence and hin is placed at the end.
Ich muß heute zur Bank. I have to go to the bank.
Ich muß auch dahin. I have to go there too.
Prepositions/Pronouns that Cannot be Replaced by the -da(r) Compounds:
in the meanwhile
for that reason
There are also corresponding questions word that use wo(r)- as the prefix. Wo(r) can be substituted in all of the above da(r) compounds. When asking about people, use a preposition and wen/wem, and use a preposition and the corresponding personal pronoun to answer.
Worüber sprechen Sie?
Ich spreche darüber.
What are you talking about?
I'm talking about it.
Woran denkst du?
Ich denke daran.
What are you thinking about?
I'm thinking about it.
Mit wem gehst du ins Theater?
Who are you going to the Theater with?