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Past Perfect Tense

The Past Perfect Tense or Pluperfect corresponds to the English had + past participle and refers to something that had already happened when something else happened. It consists of the imperfect of haben or sein and a past participle and is comparable to the present perfect tense.

Present perfect:  Ich habe in Wiesbaden gewohnt.  I (have) lived in Wiesbaden.
Past perfect:  Ich hatte in Wiesbaden gewohnt.  I had lived in Wiesbaden.

Present perfect:  Was ist passiert?  What (has) happened?
Past perfect:  Was war passiert?  What had happened?

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