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Flashcards in Word Formation Deck (7)
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1

Noun compounds

German uses compounds more often than English and they are formed by simply putting the two words together (sometimes adding an -n or -s in between), and using the gender of the last word.  Die Woche(week) + der Tag (day)  =  der Wochentag (Days of the week)

2

The prefix un-

As in English, the prefix un- gives a word a negative or opposite meaning.  klar (clear) - unklar (unclear)

3

The suffix -los

This suffix is often the equivalent of the English suffix -less, and is used to form adjectives and adverbs from nouns.  das Ende (the end) - endlos (endless)

4

The suffix -haft

The suffix -haft is used to form adjectives from nouns so as to designate related qualities.  das Kind (the child) - kindhaft (childlike)

5

The suffix -ung

This suffix may be added to the stem of a verb to form a noun.  All nouns ending in -ung are feminine.  wandern (to hike) - die Wanderung (the hike)

6

The suffix -er

This suffix designates a person is from a certain place.  Frankfurt (a city) - Frankfurter (a person from Frankfurt)

7

The suffix -in

This suffix designates a female person and is added to the male counterpart.  Architekt (male architect) -Architektin (female architect)

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