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Dative Case

The dative case corresponds to indirect objects.  Usually in English, we use the words to or for to indicate an indirect object.  But German relies on the endings of the dative case.  Here are the dative forms of the definite and indefinite articles.


Definite and Indefinite Articles

Article | Masc. | Fem. | Neuter | Plural
Definite | dem | der |dem | den
Indefinite | einem | einer | einem | keinen


Additonal Info:

Those same masculine nouns that added an -(e)n in the accusative form also add an -(e)n in the dative form.  And all plural nouns add an -(e)n in the dative plural, unless they already end in an -n or -s.  And wem(to/for whom) is the dative of wer (who).


Personal Pronouns

mir me
uns us
dir you
euch you
ihm him
ihnen they
ihr her
Ihnen you
ihm it


Both Direct and Indirect

In sentences with both a direct and indirect object, the noun in the dative case precedes the accusative noun, unless the accusative case is a pronoun.

Ich schenke meinem Bruder eine Krawatte.  I give (to) my brother a tie.
Ich schenke sie meinem Bruder.  I give it to my brother.

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