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Flashcards in Object Pronouns Deck (8)
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Subject (Nominative)

ich -> I
du -> you (fam.)
er -> he
sie -> she
es -> it
wir -> we
ihr -> you (pl.)
sie -> they
Sie -> you (pol.)


Direct Objects (Acc.)

mich -> me
dich -> you
ihn -> him
sie -> her
es -> it
uns -> us
euch -> you
sie -> them
Sie -> you


Indirect Objects (Dat.)

mir -> (to) me
dir -> (to) you
ihm -> (to) him
ihr -> (to) her
ihm -> (to) it
uns -> (to) us
euch -> (to) you
ihnen -> (to) them
Ihnen -> (to) you


Two different nouns in a sentence:

If there are two nouns in a sentence, one accusative and one dative, then the dative noun will be first. However, if there are two pronouns, one accusative and one dative, then the accusative pronoun will be first. In sentences with one noun and one pronoun (regardless of which is accusative or dative), the pronoun will be first.



Some verbs always take indirect objects, even if they take direct objects in English. For verbs that can take two objects, the direct object will usually be a thing, and the indirect object will usually refer to a person.


Verbs that take indirect:

antworten -> to answer (a person)
schenken -> to give
bringen -> to bring
danken -> to thank
zuhören -> to listen to
gehören -> to belong to
glauben -> to believe
helfen -> to help
gratulieren -> to congratulate
begegnen -> to meet
vertrauen -> to trust
empfehlen -> to recommend
geben -> to give
kaufen -> to buy
leihen -> to lend, borrow
sagen -> to tell, say
schicken -> to give as a gift
schreiben -> to write
wünschen -> to wish
zeigen -> to show


The following four need an object as a subject:

schaden -> to be harmful to
schmecken -> to taste good to
stehen -> to suit
passen -> to fit


The following two need the subject and object 
inverted from the original English construction:

fehlen -> to be missing to
gefallen -> to be pleasing to

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