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Flashcards in Prepositions Deck (10)
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1

Prepositions that take the Accusative case

durch: through
gegen: against
um: around / at
für: for
ohne: without
bis: until

2

Preps. that take the Dative case

aus: out (of), from (country, town or place)
mit: with, by means of (transportation)
von: from (person, open space, or direction), by
seit: since, for
bei: near, at, at home of or place of business
nach: after, to (cities and countries)
zu: to (mostly people and specifically named buildings)
gegenüber: across from
außer: except for, besides

3

Preps. that take the Genitive case

während: during
trotz: in spite of
(an)statt: instead of
wegen: because of
außerhalb: outside of
innerhalb: inside of

4

Preps. that may take Acc. or Dat. (two-way)

an: at, to, on (vertical surfaces, denotes border or limiting area)
auf: onto, on (horizontal surfaces), to (some public buildings)
hinter: behind
in: in, into, to (building, enclosed space, feminine or plural countries)
neben: beside, next to
über: over, above, across, about
unter: under, below, among, beneath
vor: in front of, before
zwischen: between

5

Two-way Prepositions

For the two-way prepositions:   The accusative form indicates direction and movement and answers the question where to?  The dative form indicates position and location and answers the question where? For example:  In die Schule means to school and uses the accusative form because it is a direction.  In der Schule means in school and uses the dative form because it is a location.  But one exception is zu Hause - at home (dat.) and nach Hause - (to) home (acc.)  Ich bin zu Hause is I am at home, and Ich gehe nach Hause is I am going home.

6

Accusative

movement & direction

7

Dative

 location & position

8

Examples of Accusative:

Er hängt das Bild über das Sofa.
He hangs the picture over the sofa.

Stell es unter den Tisch.
Put it under the table.

Fahren Sie den Wagen hinter das Haus.
Drive the car behind the house.

Stellen Sie die Flaschen vor die Tür.
Put the bottles in front of the door.

Stell es auf den Tisch.
Put it on the table.
Schreib es an die Tafel.
Write it on the board.

Er geht in die Küche.
He goes into the kitchen.

Stellen Sie es neben das Haus.
Put it beside the house.

Stell die Lampe zwischen das Sofa und den Tisch.
Put the lamp between the sofa and the table.

9

Examples of Dative:

Das Bild hängt über dem Sofa.
The picture hangs over the sofa.

Es ist unter dem Tisch.
It is under the table.

Der Wagen steht hinter dem Haus.
The car is behind the house.

Die Flaschen stehen vor der Tür.
The bottles are in front of the door.

Es liegt auf dem Tisch.
It's lying on the table.

Es steht an der Tafel.
It is on the board.

Er ist in der Küche.
He is in the kitchen.

Es ist neben dem Haus.
It is beside the house.

Die Lampe steht zwischen dem Sofa und dem Tisch.
The lamp is between the sofa and the table.

10

Note:

Stellen, legen and setzen use the accusative case, while stehen, liegen and sitzen use the dative case.

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