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MSII: Behavioral Science > Dementia (20.1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dementia (20.1) Deck (8)
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1

What is the correlation between AD and age?

Increasing age= increasing prevalence of AD

2

What are the three categories on the continuum that dementia occurs on?

1- Normal aging

2- Mild cognitive Impairment

3- Dementia

3

What are some NORMAL age associated cognitive changes?

1- Difficulty retrieving words and names

2- Slower processing speed

3- Difficulty sustaining attention when faced with competing environmental

4- Learning something new takes a bigger effort

5- No functional impairment

4

What are some characteristics of mild cognitive impairment?

1- Memory complaint corroborated by an informant

2- Objective memory impairment for age and education

3- Preserved general cognition

4- Normal activities of daily living

5- Not demented

5

What are some characteristics of amnestic MCI?

Memory loss not meeting the criteria for dementia

May be the earliest phase of AD

6

What are the DSM criteria for Dementia?

1- Memory decline/ impairment and at least one of the following: aphasia apraxia, impaired executive function, agnosia

2- Cogitive deficites must impact social and occupational function

3- Dx must be made in the presenc eof a clear sensorium

7

What are the characteristics of early onset AD?

Ages 30-60

Rare and familial in most cases

Mutation in presenilin and APP

8

What are the characteristics of late onset AD?

Most common form, develops after the age of 60

Combination of different factors but Apo E4 polymorphism is implicated