Bipolar Related Disorders (5) Flashcards Preview

MSII: Behavioral Science > Bipolar Related Disorders (5) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bipolar Related Disorders (5) Deck (16):
1

What is the DSM-5 definition for mania?

Distant, abnormal, elevated, expansive (or irritable) mood for 7 days

At least 3 symptoms must be present for 7 days:

- increased self esteem
- decreased sleep
- increased speech
- racing thoughts
- distractability
- increased activity
- increased dangerous impulsivity

2

What does DTRHIGH stand for?

Distractable
Talkative
Racing thoughts
Hyperactive
Impulsive
Grandiose
Hypersomnic

3

What is hypomania?

Milder mania of at least 4 days (same symptoms of mania)

4

How is a major depressive episode (MDE) defined?

Pervasive sad, down, or irritable mood > 2 weeks with 4 other symtoms

5

What is a mixed episode?

Meets criteria for both manic episode and a MDE

6

Define bipolar 1:

Manic or mixed episode with or without MDE

7

Define Bipolar 2:

Hypomanic with or without MDE

8

Define cyclothymia:

Stuck in hypomania for >2 years

Can occur with minor depressions

9

T/F: a bipolar individual can become psychotic (delusions, hallucinations, though disorder)

True

10

T/F: bipolar individuals spend more time in the manic phase than the depressed phase

False....they spend more time depressed

11

What are the etiologic factors associated with bipolar disorder?

Increased transmitter and decreased receptor (genetic cause?)

Kindling Hypothesis= too much neuronal firing in the limbic system

12

Can psychological factors lead to bipolar disorder?

Yes...low self esteem, negative outlook, learned helplessness, demeaning parents, stress`

13

What medications should NOT be used to treat bipolar disorder?

Antidepressantes...because they increase NTs which can increase mania and instability

If you are going to use an antidepressant, you must also use a mood stabilizer

14

What drugs are used to treat bipolar disorder?

Antipsychotics--> typical and atypical (the DA2 action decreases and prevents mania and the 5HT2 action treats depression)

Antimanic agents--> lithium, divalproex, carbamazepine

15

What are the actions of lithium, divalproex, and carbamazepine?

Lithium: increases Ca

Divalproex: increases GABA activity

Carbamazepine: blocks Na+ channels

16

Does psychotherapy work to treat bipolar disorder?

Only the depressed phase