Pharmacology Addictive Substances (6.3) Flashcards Preview

MSII: Behavioral Science > Pharmacology Addictive Substances (6.3) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Addictive Substances (6.3) Deck (20):
1

The following are symptoms of:

anxiolysis, disinhibition, slurred speech, ataxia, stupor, respiratory suppression, coma, death

Alcohol or benzo/ barbituate intoxication

2

How do you treat alcohol intoxication?

Support, restraint, protect airway, ventilate

3

The following are symptoms of:

agitation, insomnia, tremor, GI upset, increase pulse, seizures, hallucinations, delerium, death

Alcohol or Benzo/ barbituate withdrawal

4

When do symptoms of alcohol withdrawal begin?

8 hours after last drink

5

When do alcohol withdrawal symptoms peak?

24 hours

6

How do you treat benzo/ barbiturate intoxication?


Support, restraint, protect airway, ventilate

Benzo can be reversed with flumazenil

7

How do you treat withdrawal from benzo/ barbiturates?

Treat with benzo replacement until vital signs and withdrawal symptoms normalize

8

How do stimulants work?

Block dopamine reuptake

9

The following are symptoms of:

elevated mood and esteem, irritability, insomna, appetite loss, dilated pupils, racing heart, increase BP, hyperreflexia, psychosis, cardiac arrest, seizure

intoxication of stimulants

10

The following are symptoms of:

fatigue, anhedonia, depression, increased sleep, late onset insomnia, increased appetite

Withdrawal from stimulants

11

How do you treat stimulant intoxication and withdrawal?

Support, symptomatically

12

What receptors do opiates affect?

Mu--> reduces pain, increases positive emotion

Kappa/ Delta--> minld analgesia

13

How do Mu/ Kappa/ Delta receptors work?

G protein lined and cause hyperpolarization via cAMP reduction and increased K influx/ decreased Ca efflux

14

The following are symptoms of:

elevated mood, pupil constriction, respiratory suppression, gag reflex lost, low HR, constipation, low BP

opiate intoxication

15

The following are symptoms of:

restless, watery eyes, yawning, dilated pupils, good flesh, runny nose, increased HR, increased PB, GI distress and cramps, muscle cramps

opiate withdrawal

16

How is opiate intoxication treated?

support, protect airway

reverse with naloxone

17

How is opiate withdrawal treated?

Metahdone or buprenorphine

18

The following are symptoms of:

perceptual distortion, hallucinations, depersonalization, nystagmus, tremors, hyperreflexia, racing heart, flashbacks, paranoia

hallucinogens

19

How is hallucinogen intoxication treated?

supportive

20

The following are symptoms of:


elevated mood, expansive though, sedation, pupil constriction, red conjunctiva, increased appetite, panic, paranoia

cannibus intoxication