Flashcards in Psychotherapy (7 & 8) Deck (49)
What are the 6 theoretical orientations of psychotherapy?
1- Psychoanalytic/ psychodynamic
6- Cognitive Behavioral
What is the basis of psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy?
Unconscious conflicts are repressed and cause difficulty (insight oriented)
What is the aim of psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy?
Making the unconscious, conscious
Understanding conflicts and behaviors
What techniques are used in psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy? (4)
Analysis of trensference
Analysis of resistance
What is psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy used to treat?
Depression, anxiety, some personality disorders
What is the basis of interpersonal therapy?
Problematic attachments early in life predispose one to develop disorders that are expressed through troubled interpersonal relationships are present
What is the aim of interpersonal therapy?
Correct interpersonal difficulties
Name 4 major interpersonal problems:
Loss and grief
Period of time used for interpersonal therapy?
Short term--> 12-16 weeks
What is interpersonal therapy used to treat?
Depression, eating disorder
What is the basis of family therapy?
Identified patient reflects a dysfunction in the whole family system
What is the aim of family therapy?
Help improve family's relational health
What is family therapy used to treat?
1- Children identified with behavioral problems
2- families dealing with contact
3- Teenagers with eating disorders or substance abuse
What is group therapy used to treat?
People with common experiences, a particular disorder, or interpersonal difficulties
What is behavioral therapy based on?
What is the aim of behavioral therapy?
Relieve symptoms by unlearning maladaptive behaviors
What techniques are found used in behavioral therapy? (4)
What are the three phases of classical conditioning?
Phase I: unconditioned stimulus and neutral stimulus are given separately
Phase II: Neutral stimulus followed by unconditioned stimulus
Phase III: Conditioned response
What is stimulus generalization?
Person has response to things that are similar to the conditioned stimulus
What is stimulus discrimination?
Organism learns to differentiate among similar stimuli
What is the relationship between stimulus generalization and stimulus discrimination?
They are complementary processes
What methods are used in operant conditioning?
Reinforders and punishment
What is a reinforcer?
Stimulus event that increases the probability that the operant behavior will occur again
What is a positive reinforcer?
Stimulus that strengthens the response if it follows that response
What is a negative reinforcer?
An unpleasant stimulus that, if removed, strengthens the response that removed the stimulus
What are the effects of delay of reinforcement in operant conditioning?
Effect of a reinforcer is stronger when it comes soon after a response
Does a small or a large reinforcer have a more vigorous behavioral response?
What are the two major types of schedules of reinforcement?
1- continuous reinforcement schedule
2- partial/ intermittent reinforcement schedule
Describe a continuous reinforcement schedule:
Delivered every time a particular response occurs