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MSII: Behavioral Science > Psychotherapy (7 & 8) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychotherapy (7 & 8) Deck (49)
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1

What are the 6 theoretical orientations of psychotherapy?

1- Psychoanalytic/ psychodynamic

2- Interpersonal

3- Family

4- Behavioral

5- Cognitive

6- Cognitive Behavioral

2

What is the basis of psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy?

Unconscious conflicts are repressed and cause difficulty (insight oriented)

3

What is the aim of psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy?

Making the unconscious, conscious

Understanding conflicts and behaviors

4

What techniques are used in psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy? (4)

Free association

Analysis of trensference

Analysis of resistance

Dream interpretation

5

What is psychoanalysis/ psychodynamic therapy used to treat?

Depression, anxiety, some personality disorders

6

What is the basis of interpersonal therapy?

Problematic attachments early in life predispose one to develop disorders that are expressed through troubled interpersonal relationships are present

7

What is the aim of interpersonal therapy?

Correct interpersonal difficulties

8

Name 4 major interpersonal problems:

Loss and grief

Role disputes

Role transitions

Interpersonal difficulties

9

Period of time used for interpersonal therapy?

Short term--> 12-16 weeks

10

What is interpersonal therapy used to treat?

Depression, eating disorder

11

What is the basis of family therapy?

Identified patient reflects a dysfunction in the whole family system

12

What is the aim of family therapy?

Help improve family's relational health

13

What is family therapy used to treat?

1- Children identified with behavioral problems

2- families dealing with contact

3- Teenagers with eating disorders or substance abuse

14

What is group therapy used to treat?

People with common experiences, a particular disorder, or interpersonal difficulties

15

What is behavioral therapy based on?

learning theory

16

What is the aim of behavioral therapy?

Relieve symptoms by unlearning maladaptive behaviors

17

What techniques are found used in behavioral therapy? (4)

Systematic desensitization

Aversive condition

Flooding/ implosion

Token economy

18

What are the three phases of classical conditioning?

Phase I: unconditioned stimulus and neutral stimulus are given separately

Phase II: Neutral stimulus followed by unconditioned stimulus

Phase III: Conditioned response

19

What is stimulus generalization?

Person has response to things that are similar to the conditioned stimulus

20

What is stimulus discrimination?

Organism learns to differentiate among similar stimuli

21

What is the relationship between stimulus generalization and stimulus discrimination?

They are complementary processes

22

What methods are used in operant conditioning?

Reinforders and punishment

23

What is a reinforcer?

Stimulus event that increases the probability that the operant behavior will occur again

24

What is a positive reinforcer?

Stimulus that strengthens the response if it follows that response

25

What is a negative reinforcer?

An unpleasant stimulus that, if removed, strengthens the response that removed the stimulus

26

What are the effects of delay of reinforcement in operant conditioning?

Effect of a reinforcer is stronger when it comes soon after a response

27

Does a small or a large reinforcer have a more vigorous behavioral response?

Larger

28

What are the two major types of schedules of reinforcement?

1- continuous reinforcement schedule

2- partial/ intermittent reinforcement schedule

29

Describe a continuous reinforcement schedule:

Delivered every time a particular response occurs

30

What are the four types of partial reinforcement schedules?

Fixed ratio: fixed number of responses required for reinforcement

Variable ratio: number of responses required for reinforcement varies

Fixed Interval: fixed set of time must elapse before next opportunity for reinforcement

Variable interval: time interval that must elapse before next opportunity for reinforcement varies