Flashcards in Psychodynamics (22 & 23) Deck (44)
What is the fundemental hypothesis of psychoanalytic theory?
Psychic determination--> every event/ symptom has meaning
What are the stages of development and what ages are they present?
Oral: Birth- 1.5 yrs
Anal: 1.5- 3 yrs
Phallic: 3- 6 yrs
Latency: 6- Adolescence
Genital: Adolescence, adults
What is the id and when is it present?
Present from birth
"I want now"
What is the superego and when is it present?
From age 5 on
Consience, rules, morals, values
"Thou shall not"
What does the superego develop from?
Parents, teachers, religious authority, societal/ legal norms
What is the ego and when is it present?
Always growing and evolving
Deals with internal and external reality
What happens when the ego is under stress?
What are the level 1 defenses?
Describe the purpose of level I defenses?
Common in healthy individuals before age 5
Common in adult dreams and fantasy
Define delusional projection:
Frank delusions about external reality, usually a persecutory type
Perception of one's feelings in another and acting on it
Perception of other people or their feelings literally inside oneself
Define Psychotic denial:
denial of external reality
Grossly reshaping external reality to suit inner needs
Hallucinations, denial of personal responsibility for ones behavior
Describe level II defense mechanisms:
Common in healthy individuals ages 3015
Also seen in personality disorders
Name the Level II defnese mechanisms
Attributing ones own unacknowledged feelings to others
Examples: severe prejudice, rejections of intimacy, hypervigillance to external damage
What personality disorder is associated with projection?
Turning an unacceptable impulse or feeling into complaints of pain or somatic illness
Why does somatization develop in some people?
Permits an individual to belabor other with his own pain or discomfort in leu of direct demands
Define acting out:
direct expression of an unconscious wish or impulse in order to avoid being conscious of the affect that accompanies it
Done to avoid being aware of ones feelins
What personality disorder is seen with acting out?
Antisocial personality disorder
Seeing people and events as ALL good or ALL bad
What personality disorder is seen with splitting?
Borderline personality disorder
Describe the level III defense mechanisms:
Common in healthy individuals ages 3-90
Name the level III defense mechanisms:
Isolation of affect
unable to accept intolerable facts about reality
Redirection of feelings toward a relatively less cared for object than the person or situation arousing the feeling
Temporary but dramatic modification of one's character or of ones sense of personal identity to avoid emotional distress
When is dissociation seen?
Acute reaction to trauma and multiple personality disorder
Unconscious patterning of ones behavior after a powerful influential person