Dermatology Flashcards Preview

Part II/III Board Review > Dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dermatology Deck (48):
0

A small lesion which is flat such as a freckle or measles.

Macule

1

A small raised lesion <0.5cm assoc. w/ measles or syphilis (solid)

Papule

2

A small lesion <0.5cm filled w/ serous fluid & assoc. w/ herpes & chicken pox

Vesicle

3

A small lesion <0.5cm filled w/ pus assoc. w/ staph infection d/t a furuncle

Pustule

4

A hard raised lesion >0.5cm in size

Nodule

5

A fluid filled lesion >0.5cm in size assoc. w/ phemphigus

Bulla

6

A precancerous lesion seen on mucus membranes & assoc. w/ tobacco use

Leukoplakia

7

Organism maybe staph or strep (M/C). Crusty lesions found around the corners of the mouth or on the hands of children

Impetigo

8

Organism is beta hemolytic strep. Presents as a red, fiery, advancing lesion on the skin. PT will have fever & an elevated ASO titer.

Erysipelas

9

A staph-infected hair follicle that presents as a painful nodule

Furuncle

10

A "Carload of furuncles" Same organism & lesion locations as furuncles

Carbuncle

11

Tender bacterial or fungal hand infection or foot infection where the nail & skin meet at the side

Paronychia

12

A sub fascial inflammation or infection of the finger pad

Felon

13

Diagnosis for fungal/mycotic infections (tinea) is made w/ what?

Wood's lamp

14

Tinea infection of the body?

Tinea Corpus

15

Tinea infection of the foot (Athlete's foot)

Tinea Pedis

16

Tinea infection of the nails

Tinea Ungunum

17

Tinea infection of the scalp?

Tinea Capitus

18

Tinea infection of the groin (Jock itch)

Tinea Cruris

19

Tinea infection of the beard

Tinea Barbae

20

Yeast infection/thrush (oral) is caused by what organism?

Candida albicans

21

Multiple hypo-pigmented, asymptomatic lesions varying in color from white to brown

Tinea Versicolor

22

A pitted erythematous lesion or ulcer in the mouth

Aphthous Stomatitis

23

Dandruff; similar to "cradle cap" in newborns

Seborrheic Dermatitis

24

Exhibits a charac. oval/round lesions called a herald patch. Caused by a virus.

Pityriasis Rosea

25

Silver scales on extensor surfaces of knees & elbows

Psoriasis

26

Found in the dorsal root ganglion. Vesicular lesions that follow the course of a dermatome

Herpes Zoster AKA Shingles

27

An auto-immune condition charac. by depigmentation (absent melanocytes) after development

Vitiligo

28

Complete depigmentation (lack of melanin) of the body first observed at birth

Albinism

29

Hives described as a wheal d/t an allergy such as penicillin or a food allergy

Urticaria

30

A potentially life threatening condition exhibiting bulla (blisters) on the skin

Pemphigus Vulgaris

31

Located on the face, nose, & cheeks & is exacerbated by sunlight, caffeine, & alcohol

Acne Rosacea

32

An inflammatory pruritic ds charac. by papules w/ shiny, fine inconspicuous scales & whitish lines or puncta

Lichen Planus

33

A non-tender epidermal cyst that is filled w/ sebum

Wen AKA Epidermal Cyst

34

A dense, sharply elevated, progressively enlarging scar w/ collagenous hyperplasia seen in African-Americans, Latinos, & Asians

Keloid

35

An accumulation of sebum w/i a pore. Closed = whitehead, Open = blackhead

Comedone (whitehead called a comedo)

36

A transmissible (whirlpool) infection caused by mites & charac. by grouped vesicles & superficial linea furrows in the groin

Scabies

37

A discrete coin shaped, ring, or annular lesion that coalesce to form patches which ooze & crust over

Nummular Eczema

38

Increased keratinization producing a non-inflammatory skin lesion

Ichthyosis AKA Fish skin

39

Reddened areas caused by moisture, friction, & warmth retention found on opposing skin surfaces

Intertrigo

40

A condition (esp adolescents) of sebaceous glands charac. by comedomes & pus filled cysts

Acne Vulgaris

41

Caused by lice.

Pediculosis (Lesion sites: pubic area - pubis, body - corporis, head - capitus)

42

A skin reaction usually assoc. w/ strep charac. by bilateral, red, & tender nodules

Erythema Nodosum

43

Rough & thick skin d/t constant scratching of a pruritic, chronic dermatitis

Lichenification

45

HSV infection charc. by small vesicles "cold sores" located on the mouth or in the genital region. Can be reactivated during delivery

Herpes simplex

46

Malignant tumor of epithelial cells. Irregular & flaky

Squamous cell

47

M/C skin cancer. Waxy & indurated

Basal cell

48

Most invasive type of skin cancer. Multicolored.

Melanoma