Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (41):
When do the first teeth come in?
When does a baby have their first food other than milk?
When does an infant perform assisted walking?
When does an infant perform unassisted walking?
When does an infant begin talking?
10-15 word vocabulary at 18 months
When does the umbilical cord fall off?
When does the pos. fontanelle close?
When does the ant. fontanelle close?
What does a bulging fontanelle indicate?
Intracranial pressure; possible excessive crying
What are the components of the APGAR score (10 points is perfect score)?
Pulse (Heart rate)
Activity (Muscle tone)
When is the APGAR score assessed?
1 & 5 minutes
Fuzzy hair on baby skin is called what? Can be excessive when they are premature
1st discharge from the intestine of newborn
Bluish, ill-defined areas of the skin in the buttock/scrotal region
What is the definition of a premature infant?
Infant born b/w 26-37th weeks & weigh less than 2500g
White cheesy substance on the baby's skin at birth
Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup, & molasses in newborn
Baby's head has an unusual shape d/t swelling of the scalp; considered a benign condition
Similar to seborrheic dermatitis in an adult
Bedwetting is AKA
This presents w/ delayed growth, microcephaly, retardation, & infranasal depression
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Kwashiorkor (assoc. w/ ascites) is caused by what?
M/C cancer in children & Down's syndrome
General malnutrition is AKA what?
"Prickly heat" is assoc. w/ what?
Miliaria from sweat glands
Prolapsed cord is assoc. w/ what?
This prevents hemorrhage in newborns
Maculopapular rash that last for a short time & also mild fever. Danger to the fetus in the 1st trimester b/c it may result in birth defects
Rubella AKA German Measles AKA 3 Day Measles
This ds has a prodromal stage of coryza (runny nose) & Koplic spots on the buccal mucosa. Lasts 2 wks & presents w/ a maculopapular rash & high fever. The M/C serious complication is bronchopneumonia
Maculopapular rash caused by same herpes virus that produces herpes zoster
A mild ds in children & adults located in the parotid gland that can produce orchitis
Childhood ds charac. by a resonant barking cough; laryngeal spasm may have a membrane
Caused by Bordetella Pertussis. Most dangerous to infants under one years & fatalities are d/t bronchopneumonia (death by anoxia)
Pertussis AKA Whooping Cough
A gray pseudomembrane on the throat & diagnosed w/ Schick Test
Diphtheria (Caused by Corybacterium Diphtheria)
Caused by Group A Strep Pyogenes. Results in desquamation (peeling) of the superficial layer also assoc. w/ strawberry tongue, ASO titer
Rash starts on the trunk & goes to the extremities. The rash comes out when the fever breaks.
Reflex that occurs by stroking the corner of the mouth; the infant's mouth will open & turn to the side that was touched; most basic primitive reflex originating from the brain stem
Reflex elicited by placing a finger or nipple in the mouth of the newborn; stimulates oxytocin release
Reflex where Dr. rotates head of a supine baby & the ipsilateral arm & leg extended while the contralateral arm & leg flex
Tonic Neck Reflex
Reflex where the arms & legs flare out to the side in response to loud sound & are then brought back into the body; sensory integrations
Moro AKA Startle Reflex