Pediatrics Flashcards Preview

Part II/III Board Review > Pediatrics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (41):
0

When do the first teeth come in?

6-8 months

1

When does a baby have their first food other than milk?

6 months

2

When does an infant perform assisted walking?

10-14 months

4

When does an infant perform unassisted walking?

12-18 months

5

When does an infant begin talking?

10-15 word vocabulary at 18 months

6

When does the umbilical cord fall off?

7-10 days

7

When does the pos. fontanelle close?

3 months

8

When does the ant. fontanelle close?

2 years

9

What does a bulging fontanelle indicate?

Intracranial pressure; possible excessive crying

10

What are the components of the APGAR score (10 points is perfect score)?

Appearance (color)
Pulse (Heart rate)
Grimace (irritability)
Activity (Muscle tone)
Respiration

11

When is the APGAR score assessed?

1 & 5 minutes

12

Fuzzy hair on baby skin is called what? Can be excessive when they are premature

Lanugo

13

1st discharge from the intestine of newborn

Meconium

14

Bluish, ill-defined areas of the skin in the buttock/scrotal region

Mongolian spots

15

What is the definition of a premature infant?

Infant born b/w 26-37th weeks & weigh less than 2500g

16

White cheesy substance on the baby's skin at birth

Vernix Caseosa

17

Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup, & molasses in newborn

Botulism

18

Baby's head has an unusual shape d/t swelling of the scalp; considered a benign condition

Caput Succedeum

19

Similar to seborrheic dermatitis in an adult

Cradle cap

20

Bedwetting is AKA

Enuresis

21

This presents w/ delayed growth, microcephaly, retardation, & infranasal depression

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

22

Kwashiorkor (assoc. w/ ascites) is caused by what?

Protein malnutrition

23

M/C cancer in children & Down's syndrome

Leukemia

24

General malnutrition is AKA what?

Marasmus

25

"Prickly heat" is assoc. w/ what?

Miliaria from sweat glands

26

Prolapsed cord is assoc. w/ what?

fetal suffocation

27

This prevents hemorrhage in newborns

Vit. K

28

Maculopapular rash that last for a short time & also mild fever. Danger to the fetus in the 1st trimester b/c it may result in birth defects

Rubella AKA German Measles AKA 3 Day Measles

29

This ds has a prodromal stage of coryza (runny nose) & Koplic spots on the buccal mucosa. Lasts 2 wks & presents w/ a maculopapular rash & high fever. The M/C serious complication is bronchopneumonia

Rubeola

30

Maculopapular rash caused by same herpes virus that produces herpes zoster

Chicken Pox

31

A mild ds in children & adults located in the parotid gland that can produce orchitis

Mumps

32

Childhood ds charac. by a resonant barking cough; laryngeal spasm may have a membrane

Croup

33

Caused by Bordetella Pertussis. Most dangerous to infants under one years & fatalities are d/t bronchopneumonia (death by anoxia)

Pertussis AKA Whooping Cough

34

A gray pseudomembrane on the throat & diagnosed w/ Schick Test

Diphtheria (Caused by Corybacterium Diphtheria)

35

Caused by Group A Strep Pyogenes. Results in desquamation (peeling) of the superficial layer also assoc. w/ strawberry tongue, ASO titer

Scarlet Fever

36

Rash starts on the trunk & goes to the extremities. The rash comes out when the fever breaks.

Roseola Infantum

37

Reflex that occurs by stroking the corner of the mouth; the infant's mouth will open & turn to the side that was touched; most basic primitive reflex originating from the brain stem

Rooting Reflex

38

Reflex elicited by placing a finger or nipple in the mouth of the newborn; stimulates oxytocin release

Sucking Reflex

39

Reflex where Dr. rotates head of a supine baby & the ipsilateral arm & leg extended while the contralateral arm & leg flex

Tonic Neck Reflex

40

Reflex where the arms & legs flare out to the side in response to loud sound & are then brought back into the body; sensory integrations

Moro AKA Startle Reflex

41

Reflex where the infant should attempt to raise the head & arch the back when placed in a prone position

Landau Reflex