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Part II/III Board Review > Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychology Deck (52):
1

These are persistent disorders charac. by a relatively inflexible reaction to stress

Personality disorders

2

Type of personality disorder where psycho/sociopath acts out conflict w/o remorse or guilt & has difficulty following rules

Antisocial

3

Type of personality disorder where a person is self-centered, inflexible, & is a perfectionist

Compulsive

4

Type of personality disorder where the person is attention seeking, aggressive, seductive person who is unable to be deeply involved emotionally

Hysterical AKA Histrionic

5

Type of personality disorder where the person is attention seeking, regards no one else as important, strong admiration for self/ exhibitionist

Narcissism

6

Type of personality disorder where the person is sensitive, defensive, suspicion leading to aggression, unfounded beliefs that other want to harm him

Paranoid

7

Type of personality disorder where the person is taking aggressive actions in an indirect manner, argumentative

Passive Aggressive

8

Type of personality disorder where the person is introverted & withdrawn, emotionally cold & distant, avoids social interaction

Schizoid

9

These are unconscious strategies utilized to cope w/ reality

Defense mechanisms

10

Type of defense mechanism charac. by refusal to perceive unpleasant realities. Painful subject stems from external sources such as impulses or fantasies. M/C seen in alcoholics

Denial

11

Type of defense mechanism charac. by assigning a feeling or belief to another person, group, or to the outside world

Projection

12

Type of defense mechanism charac. by attributing one's own unacceptable desires & impulses to someone else

Rationalization

13

Type of defense mechanism charac. by depressed, unacceptable behavior expressed in an exaggerated form of an opposite behavior

Reaction Formation

14

Type of defense mechanism charac. by a response to stress in which an individual reverts to a less developmentally mature stage

Regression

15

Type of defense mechanism charac. by unacceptable or unpleasant ideas/impulses are thrust out of consciousness

Repression

16

Type of defense mechanism charac. by redirecting one's feelings (aggression or affection) from one person to another

Transference

17

A class of mental disorders involving distress

Neuroses

18

This neurosis includes panic attacks & hyperventilation

Anxiety

19

This neurosis includes emotional problems that unconsciously manifest themselves as somatic complaints

Conversion Hysteria AKA Conversion Reaction

20

This neurosis includes an exaggerated pre-occupation w/ bodily functions & fear that one is suffering from serious ds

Hypocondriasis

21

This neurosis includes anxiety, phobia, obsession, compulsion, hysterical conversion & dissociative phenomena. Able to distinguish fantasy from reality & demonstrates inappropriate behavior such as ritualistic washing

Neurotic

22

This neurosis includes perfectionist, inflexible, uncontrollably entangled w/ details & highly repetitive activities. Persistent thoughts are obsessive while persistent actions are compulsive

Obsessive-Compulsive

23

An irrational or unrealistic fear of a situation, animal, person, or activity

Phobic

24

Fear of public spaces

Agoraphobia

25

Fear of heights

Acrophobia

26

Fear of thunder & lightening

Astrophobia

27

Fear of stars or celestial space

Astraphobia

28

Person experiences vague physical symptoms in response to mental/psychological stress

Somatization

29

Severe fluctuation of mood or personality

Affective disorder

30

This ds is associated w/ delirium tremens & folate deficiency among other things

Alcoholism

31

Voluntary starvation, excessive exercise, unreasonable fear of gaining weight

Anorexia Nervosa

32

Behavior alternates b/w mania & melancholia

Bipolar Affective disorder AKA Manic depressive

33

Binge eating w/ subsequent purging, body image distortion

Bulimia Nervosa

34

Assoc. w/ muscle inhibition

Catatonia

35

Mild chronic depression

Dysthymic Disorder

36

These are caused by a perception problem

Hallucinations

37

A period of depression assoc. w/ menopause

Involutional Melancholia

38

Delusions, hallucinations, social withdrawal, daily function impairment, & bizarre behavior

Schizophrenia

39

A person who adopts the dress of the opposite sex; cross dressing

Transvestite

40

Type of therapy used to tx alcoholics by associating drinking w/ unpleasant consequences

Aversion

41

Type of therapy where rewards/punishments are utilized to correct undesirable behavior. Emphasis on behavior not psych. cause

Conditioning AKA Behavior Modification Therapy

42

A form of desensitization for the tx of phobias & related disorders in which the pt is repeatedly exposed to emotionally distressing stimuli of high intensity

Flooding

43

A behavior modification technique in which one is taught to imitate the desired behavior of another

Modeling

44

Psychological testing using a series of inkblot images

Rorschach Test

45

A method of IQ testing

Wechster Scale

46

This guy developed all this stuff:
- Free association & dream analysis as a route of the unconscious mind
- Psychosexual stages of development
- Id, Ego, Superego

Freud

47

What are Freud's psychosexual stages of development?

- Oral
- Anal
- Phallic
- Genital

48

What do the Id, Ego, Superego control?

Id = basic instincts
Ego = reality & control
Superego = guilt & consciousness

49

This person developed the collective unconscious of man; used for psychoanalysis

Jung

50

This person developed the hierarchy of human needs; physiology, safety, love, esteem, & self actualization

Maslow

51

This person developed classical conditioning

Pavlov

52

This person developed operant conditioning (use of consequences to modify the occurrence & form the behavior)

Skinner