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Flashcards in STD's Deck (16):
0

Causative organism for Reiter's ds & ophthalmia neonaturum. Also causes PID in females while males remain asymptomatic. M/C cause of female infertility in the US.

Chlamydia

1

Gram (-) diplococcus that is grown on chocolate agar. M/C symptom is dysuria. M/C sign is mucopurulent discharge. M/C joint affected is the knee. M/C sequelae site is testes (sterility)/ovaries (salpingitis). Leads to blindness in newborns

Gonorrhea

2

An infection of the organs of reproduction especially the Fallopian tubes where inflammation is caused by gonorrhea, chlamydia, candidiasis, or trichimoniasis

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease AKA Salpingitis

3

This ds is caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Can be transmitted through the placenta. Tx w/ penicillin. Assoc. w/ Hutchinson's triad (interstitial keratitis, notched permanent incisors, CN VIII deafness)

Syphilis

4

What are the 3 stages of syphilis?

1st stage: Hard chancre that is singular & painless (up to 8 wks)
2nd stage: Maculopapular rash, condylomata lata (flat warts), & alopecia (8wks-2yrs; most transmission)
3rd stage: Tabes dorsalis, gummas, or vascular damage (aortic aneurysm or aortic valve insufficiency). No transmission during this stage (>25yrs)

5

This organism is a parasite that causes greenish yellow, frothy, foul smelling discharge

Trichimoniasis

6

Caused by fungus/yeast organism. A white cottage cheese-like discharge seen in the mouth (thrush) or in the vagina & assoc. w/ diabetes

Moniliasis AKA Candidiasis

7

Organism is Chlamydia. Affects lymph nodes in the groin & produces rectal strictures

Lymphogranuloma Venereum

8

Organism is a bacterium. A red, beefy lesion seen in the anogenital to perineal area.

Granuloma Inguinale

9

Organism is a virus (HSV-2). Vesicle clusters reoccur w/ decreased immunity or stress.

Genital Herpes

10

Organism is Human Papilloma Virus. Papilloma (painful, soft, flesh colored, cauliflower erosions) are linked to cervical cancer.

Genital Warts AKA Condylomata Accuminata

11

Organism is Hemophilus Ducreyi. Papules which b/co soft & painful (Frei test)

Chancroid

12

What are diagnostic tests for Syphilis?

Darkfield microscopy
Labs: VDRL (M/C) FTA/ABS, TPI

13

What two tests are used to detect AIDS?

ELISA-screening test (RNA)
Western blot-most accurate (proteins)

14

What conditions are assoc. w/ AIDS?

Pneumocystis carinii (M/C)
Giardia lamblia
Kaposi's sarcoma

15

Organism is a virus. It can occur in children & is sexually transmitted only in adults. Charac. by a dome shaped, flesh colored or gray umbilicated papule that b/co pearly white w/ a caseous core. Seen in mucosa of mouth & eyelids.

Molluscum contagiosum.