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Part II/III Board Review > General Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in General Disease Deck (36):
0

The CAGE questionaire is used to ask about alcoholism. What do the letters CAGE stand for?

C- Cutting down (felt the need to cut down)
A- Annoyed by others criticisms
G-Guilty feelings (felt guilty about drinking)
E-Eye openers (felt the need for a morning eye-opener drink)

1

What are the normal temps for oral? rectal & tympanic? axilla?

Oral: 98.6
Rectal/Tympanic: 99.6
Axilla: 97.6

2

What is the acceptable range for temp.?

96-99.5 F or 35-37.5 C

3

What are the normal pulse ranges in adults? Newborn? Elderly?

Adults: 60-100
Newborn: 120-160
Elderly: 70-80

4

What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult? Newborn?

Adult: 14-18
Newborn: 44

5

What is the normal BP range in adults?

90-120/60-80

6

What is the loss & reappearance of the pulsatile sound while listening w/ the stethescope during cuff deflation?

Auscultatory gap

7

Low pitched sounds produced by turbulent blood flow in arteries

Korotkoff Sounds

8

A difference of ______mmHg in systolic readings can indicate arterial occlusion such as subclavian steal syndrome on the side of the decreased value

10-15mmHg

9

What tests are used to determine vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency?

Barre-Lieou
DeKleyn's
Hallpike
Hautant's
Underberg

10

What test has the pt seated, examiner instructs the pt to rotate the head maximally form side to side. Done slowly at first then accelerated to pt tolerance.

Barre-Lieou

11

What test has the pt supine, the examiner instructs the pt to rotate & ext. the head off the table then turn to each side for 15-45 secs. Dr can lend minimal support.

DeKleyn's

12

What test has the pt supine, head extended off the table. Examiner offers support for the skull. Examiner brings head into ext. rot. & lat. flex

Hallpike

13

What test has the pt seated, arms are ext. forward to shoulder level w/ the hands supinated. Maintain position for a few secs. Pt then closes the eyes, rot. & hyperext. the neck to one side. Repeated to opposite side.

Hautant's

14

What test has the pt. stand w/ eyes open, arms at side, feet close together. Pt. closes eyes, ext. arms & supinates hands, then pt. ext. & rot. head to one side. Then in this position pt is instructed to march in place.

Underberg

15

Scaly eyebrows indicate what?

Seborrhea

16

Loss of lat. 1/3rd of eyebrows indicates what?

Myxedema

17

Quantitative loss of eyebrows indicates what?

Normal w/ age

18

Drooping of the eyelid. Seen in Horner's & Myasthenia Gravis

Ptosis

19

Lid lag/failure to cover the eyeball seen w/ Graves (bilateral) or tumor (unilateral)

Exophthalmosis

20

Eye lid is turned outward & seen in the elderly

Ectropion

21

Eye lid is turned inward & seen in the elderly

Entropion

22

Swelling around the eye seen w/ allergies, myxedema, & nephrotic syndrome

Periorbital Edema

23

Inflammation of the eye seen w/ seborrhea, staph infection, & inflammatory processes

Blepharitis

24

Opacities seen in the lens that are commonly seen w/ diabetes & in the elderly. Also has an absent red light reflex

Cataracts

25

Grayish opaque ring around the cornea. Early 50 yoa = normal

Corneal arcus

26

Triangular thickening of the bulbar conjunctiva that grows across the cornea & is brought on by dry eyes

Pterygium

27

White sclera indicates what? Yellow sclera? Blue sclera?

White = normal
Yellow = Jaundice
Blue = Osteogenesis imperfecta

28

What does a pink conjunctiva indicate? Pale conjunctiva? Bright red conjunctiva?

Pink = Normal
Pale = Anemia
Bright Red = Infection

29

An infection of the sebaceous glands causing a pimple or boil on the eyelid

Hordoleum AKA sty

30

An infection of the meibomian gland cuasing a nodule which points inside the lid.

Chalazion

31

A yellowish triangular nodule in the bulbar conjunctiva that is harmless & indicates aging

Pinquecula

32

Fatty plaques on the nasal surface of the eyelids that is normal or indicates hypercolesterolemia

Xanthelasma

33

Bilaterally small & irregular pupils that accommodate but don't react to light. Seen w/ syphilis

Argyll Robertson

34

Dilated pupil w/ ptosis & lat. deviation. Doesn't react to light or accommodation. Assoc. w/ MS

Internal ophthalmoplegia

35

Dilated & fixed pupils seen w/ anticholinergic drugs (atropine/mushrooms/death)

Mydriasis