Flashcards in Toxicology Deck (54):
Type of drug that is an antipyretic; analgesic; Feldene
Type of drug that alleviates coughing; an antitussin
Type of drug that is assoc. w/ predisposing the elderly to falls
Type of drug that is an antiviral (herpes)
An anticoagulant/Vit. K antagonist; increased clotting time
Classification as a narcotic; Lidocaine used a local anesthetic
Causes bleeding, inhibits prostaglandins, & assoc. w/ deafness & Reye's syndrome
Salicylates AKA aspirin
Tricyclics are what type of drug?
Type of drug that is used to tx anxiety, side effect is tremors; muscle relaxant
Type of sleeping pills that can produce respiratory depression
Type of drug that is used to tx acute symptomatic gout. Chronic (allopurinol)
Type of drugs that include mushroom & nutmeg
Type of drug that is poisonous. Has the taste of cherry seeds or almonds
This causes blue gums. Produces basophilic stippling of the RBC's; seen among those who work in battery factories; affects the nervous system
This is assoc. w/ blu mucous membranes. Poisoning; cherry red lips
An antipyretic analgesic that causes liver damage (hepatoxic)
This causes HTN in those taking MAO inhibitors & is found in wine & cheese
A drug used to tx bi-polarity that produces tremors
Organophosphate operate by inhibiting what?
They are cholinesterase inhibitors
These are given for HTN & arrhythmias; block epinephrine & norepinephrine
This poison has the odor of garlic
Best substance to remove lead from blood chelation therapy
A drug used to tx schizophrenia (anticholinergic/antipsychotic)
A substance that makes you vomit
Emetic (don't mix w/ gasoline (?))
Used in the tx of anaphylactic shock
Activated charcoal works as what?
Syrup of Ipecac does what?
pumping your stomach is AKA?
A chronic respiratory ds caused by the inhalation of various mineral or metallic particles
Leads to mesothelioma.
Asbestosis (pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos dust)
Pneumoconiosis caused by iron dust
Pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust
Pneumoconiosis caused by cotton dust
Pneumoconiosis caused by sand/stone dust
This is caused by the inhalation of anthrax
How do organophosphates (insecticides) work?
What is the tx for lead poisoning?
Overdosing on what analgesic is assoc. w/ Reye's syndrome?
What differentiates Reye's syndrome from Guillain-Bairre?
Reye's causes a HA d/t acute encephalopathy
Streptomycin can cause what problem?
Tetracycline can cause what problem?
Dairy & sun reactions
Binds with calcium
Penicillin can cause what problem?
Amoxicillin can cause what problem?
Stunts GI neurotransmitters
Diminishes brain maturation
Levaquin can cause what problem?
Tendon tears & ruptures
Acyclovir (Lysine, Valtrex) is used to tx what?
Allopurinol (chronic) & Colchicine (acute) is used to tx what?
Disulfiram is used to tx what?
Antabuse (turns to aldehyde in the gut when alcohol is ingested)
Dilantin is used to tx what?
Decrease seizure activity
Digitalis is used to tx what?
Strengthens heart contractions
Propranolol is used to tx what?
Migraines, heart arrhythmias ("ol" = beta blocker)
Ritalin is used to tx what?
Tagamet is used to tx what?
Lipitor is used to tx what?
Decrease blood cholesterol