Toxicology Flashcards Preview

Part II/III Board Review > Toxicology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Toxicology Deck (54):
0

Type of drug that is an antipyretic; analgesic; Feldene

NSAIDs

1

Type of drug that alleviates coughing; an antitussin

Expectorant

2

Type of drug that is assoc. w/ predisposing the elderly to falls

Tranquilizers

3

Type of drug that is an antiviral (herpes)

Acyclovir

4

An anticoagulant/Vit. K antagonist; increased clotting time

Warfarin

5

Classification as a narcotic; Lidocaine used a local anesthetic

Cocaine

6

Causes bleeding, inhibits prostaglandins, & assoc. w/ deafness & Reye's syndrome

Salicylates AKA aspirin

7

Tricyclics are what type of drug?

Anti-depressants

8

Type of drug that is used to tx anxiety, side effect is tremors; muscle relaxant

Benzodiazepine

9

Type of sleeping pills that can produce respiratory depression

Barbiturates

10

Type of drug that is used to tx acute symptomatic gout. Chronic (allopurinol)

Colchicine

11

Type of drugs that include mushroom & nutmeg

Hallucinogenic drugs

12

Type of drug that is poisonous. Has the taste of cherry seeds or almonds

Cyanide

13

This causes blue gums. Produces basophilic stippling of the RBC's; seen among those who work in battery factories; affects the nervous system

Lead poisoning

14

This is assoc. w/ blu mucous membranes. Poisoning; cherry red lips

Carbon Monoxide

15

An antipyretic analgesic that causes liver damage (hepatoxic)

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)

16

This causes HTN in those taking MAO inhibitors & is found in wine & cheese

Tyramine

17

A drug used to tx bi-polarity that produces tremors

Lithium

18

Organophosphate operate by inhibiting what?

They are cholinesterase inhibitors

19

These are given for HTN & arrhythmias; block epinephrine & norepinephrine

Beta blockers

20

This poison has the odor of garlic

Arsenic

21

Best substance to remove lead from blood chelation therapy

EDTA

22

A drug used to tx schizophrenia (anticholinergic/antipsychotic)

Chlorpromazine

23

A substance that makes you vomit

Emetic (don't mix w/ gasoline (?))

24

Used in the tx of anaphylactic shock

Epinephrine

25

Activated charcoal works as what?

An adsorbent

26

Syrup of Ipecac does what?

Induces vomiting

27

pumping your stomach is AKA?

Gastric lavage

28

A chronic respiratory ds caused by the inhalation of various mineral or metallic particles

Pneumoconiosis

29

Leads to mesothelioma.

Asbestosis (pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos dust)

30

Pneumoconiosis caused by iron dust

Siderosis

31

Pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust

Anthracosis

32

Pneumoconiosis caused by cotton dust

Byssinosis

33

Pneumoconiosis caused by sand/stone dust

Silicosis

34

This is caused by the inhalation of anthrax

Woolsorter's ds

35

How do organophosphates (insecticides) work?

Block cholinesterase

36

What is the tx for lead poisoning?

EDTA (chelation)

37

Overdosing on what analgesic is assoc. w/ Reye's syndrome?

Salicylates (Aspirin)

38

What differentiates Reye's syndrome from Guillain-Bairre?

Reye's causes a HA d/t acute encephalopathy

39

Streptomycin can cause what problem?

Hearing problems

40

Tetracycline can cause what problem?

Yellow teeth
Dairy & sun reactions
Binds with calcium

41

Penicillin can cause what problem?

Anaphylactic shock
Rash

42

Amoxicillin can cause what problem?

Stunts GI neurotransmitters
Diminishes brain maturation

43

Levaquin can cause what problem?

Tendon tears & ruptures

44

Acyclovir (Lysine, Valtrex) is used to tx what?

Herpes

45

Allopurinol (chronic) & Colchicine (acute) is used to tx what?

Gout

46

Disulfiram is used to tx what?

Antabuse (turns to aldehyde in the gut when alcohol is ingested)

47

Dilantin is used to tx what?

Decrease seizure activity

48

Digitalis is used to tx what?

Strengthens heart contractions

49

Propranolol is used to tx what?

Migraines, heart arrhythmias ("ol" = beta blocker)

50

Ritalin is used to tx what?

ADD

51

Tagamet is used to tx what?

Ulcers

52

Lipitor is used to tx what?

Decrease blood cholesterol

53

Vioxx/Celebrex is used to tx what?

Cox-2 inhibitor