OB/GYN Flashcards Preview

Part II/III Board Review > OB/GYN > Flashcards

Flashcards in OB/GYN Deck (50):
0

The abnormal cessation of menses

Amenorrhea

1

Test done during pregnancy. Done for the health of the fetus, chromosomes, lung maturity

Amniocentesis

2

First breast milk.

Colostrum

3

Painful menses.

Dysmenorrhea (Primary = increased prostaglandin, Secondary = From pathology i.e. endometriosis)

4

Abnormal, painful or prolonged labor

Dystocia

5

Thinning of the cervix

Effacement

6

Decent of the fetal skull to the level of the ischial spines

Engagement

7

Excessive nausea & vomiting during pregnancy

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

8

The baby drops into the pelvis 2 wks before delivery & produces lower abdominal pain

Lightening

9

Dark streak down the midline of the abdomen seen during pregnancy

Linea Nigra

10

Vaginal discharge after delivery & throughout the puerperium; 1st red, 2nd yellow, 3rd white

Lochia

11

1st menstrual cycle

Menarche

12

Pain in abdomen at ovulation

Mittelschmerz

13

More than one delivery of viable infant

Multiparous

14

Women that has never given birth to a viable infant

Nulliparous

15

First pregnancy w/ a viable infant

Primpara

16

Period of time after the delivery of the placenta to the complete involution of the organs

Puerperium

17

What is infection during puerperium known as?

Puerperal Sepsis

18

1st perception by the mother of fetal life

Quickening

19

Identifies the fetal position (cm) in relation to the spines of the ischium

Station

20

Bluish discoloration of the vagina

Chadwick's sign

21

Softening of the tip of the cervix

Goodell's sign

22

Softening of the isthmus of the uterus

Hegar's sign

23

Enlargement of the uterus near the uterine tube over the site of implantation

Piskacek's sign

24

M/C reason for post-partum hemorrhage

Atonic Uterus

25

Early uterine contractions (oxytocin) w/o cervical changes

Braxton Hick's Contractions

26

M/C location of malignancy of the female genital tract

Cervix

27

Brown hyperpigmentation. Face/mask of pregnancy

Chloasma AKA Melasma

28

Malignancy of the placenta d/t abnormal epithelium

Choriocarcinoma

29

Herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina

Cystocele

30

A toxemia of pregnancy caused by HTN leading to convulsions

Eclampsia

31

Abnormal endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Abdominal/back pain

Endometriosis

32

Palpable nodules in breast after ovulation w/ regression after menses

Fibrocystic Breast Disease

33

M/C type of post-partum infection (staph/strep)

Endometriosis

34

A benign type of trophoblastic tissue which develops at the placenta. May b/co malignant & then is called Choriocarcinoma. Assoc. w/ very high HCG

Hydatidiform Mole

35

Toxemia of pregnancy w/ the following signs. HEP: HTN, Edema, Proteinuria

Pre-eclampsia

36

Herniation of the rectum into the vagina; "collapsed pouch" along the pos. vaginal wall

Rectocele

37

Hormone responsible for maturation of the follicle

FSH

38

Hormone that promotes the health of the corpus leuteum; used to detect pregnancy

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)

39

Hormone most responsible for ovulation

LH

40

Hormone that causes uterine contractions during labor & milk let down following delivery

Oxytocin

41

Hormone responsible for milk production

Prolactin

42

Describe the 1st stage of labor

From the 1st meaningful contraction to the full dilation of the cervix to 10cm; longest stage

43

Describe the 2nd stage of labor

From full dilation of the cervix to delivery of the baby

44

Describe the 3rd stage of labor

From delivery of the baby to delivery of the placenta (most dangerous to the mother)

45

Describe the 4th stage of labor

A period of time from delivery of the placenta to several hours when the tone of the uterus is established & the uterus contracts expelling any remaining contents

46

Low lying placenta w/ partial obstruction of the internal os

Placenta praevia

47

Placenta normally placed, detaches from site; spontaneous abortion/premature separation

Placenta Abruptio

48

Placenta that doesn't separate after delivery

Placenta Accreta

49

What are the 5 levels of Pap smear classification?

I - Normal
II - Atypical or benign (possible infection/inflammation)
III - Dysplasia/Pre-cancerous
IV - In Situ/Non-invasive carcinoma
V - Malignancy/Invasive