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Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (12):
1

when did insulin first arrive?

23rd january 1922

2

what cells attack the islets in type 1 diabetes?

lymphocytes

3

what are the typical presenting symptoms of type 1 diabetes?

polyuria
polydipsia
weight loss

fatugue
blurred vision
candidal infection

increased appetite

4

what test do you do to distinguish between types of diabtetes?

antibody test

5

how are newly diagnosed patients managed?

blood glucose and ketone monitoring
insulin
carb estimation
regular DSN and dietician contact
appropriate medical clinic review

annual review assessment

regular check of prevailing glycaemic control, HbA1c range

record severe hypoglycaemic episodes

6

what is late onset diabetes of adult hood?

elevated levels of pancreatic antibodies in patients with recently diagnosed diabetes who dont initially need insulin

7

what are the other names for late onset diabetes of adult hood?

slowly progressive type 1
type 1.5

8

when should you suspect late onset diabetes of adult hood?

25-40 yrs
male (more likely)
usually not obsese
auto antibody positive
associated with auto immune conditions

non insulin requiring at diagnosis
sub optimal control on oral agents

9

is diabetes common in cystic fibrosis?

yes

10

diabetes insipidus
diabetes mellulitis
optic atrophy
deafness
neurological abnormalities

wolfram syndrome (DIDMOAD)

11

often very obese
polydactyly
hypogonadal
visual impairment
hearing impairment
mental retardation
diabetes

consaguineous parents

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome

12

name some associated auto immune conditions for diabtetes?

coeliac
thyroid disease
pernicious anaemia
addisons
IgA deficiency