Flashcards in Urine Analysis Deck (28):
If bilirubin is in the urine what might this indicate?
Hepatic or biliary disease
If ketones are in urine what might this be an indicator of?
What does specific gravity monitor?
It monitors the diluting/ concentrating power of the kidneys
What might low conc of specific gravity indicate?
Continuous fluid intake
What cam high conc of specific gravity mean?
Usually indicates good kidney ability
What does blood in urine indicate?
Serious renal or urological disease
When is urine pH lowest?
After overnight fast
When is urine pH highest ?
If urine Is strongly acidic , what might this mean?
If you persistently have positive urinary protein , what might this indicate?
Congestive heart failure
Is urobilinogen normally in urine ?
What do increased levels of urobilinogen indicate?
Excessive destruction of red blood cells e.g in haemolytic anaemia
What do you have if you have nitrites in your blood?
What type of bacteria convert nitrates into nitrites?
Gram negative bacteria
What do leucocytes in the urine suggest ?
Or inflammatory condition
If leucocytes are found in urine what other 3 tests should be noted?
After eating beet root
Smokey red pee
Intact red cells
Anthraquinones such has cascara and danthron used in laxatives
Methylene blue ( in liver pills)
What can make pee cloudy or hazy ?
Best sample for glucose
Best sample for protein and nitrite
What must you do before testing urine?
Allow to warm to room temperature