Flashcards in Diabetes complications Deck (20):
what are the main 3 microvascular complications?
what are the 4 types of neuropathy?
what is peripheral neuropathy?
peripheral nerve damage
usually pain/loss of feeling in hands and feet
symptoms of peripheral neuropathy?
loss of feeling
sharp pains or cramps
sensitive to touch
loss of balance and coordination
what is autonomic neuropathy?
changes in bowel habit, bladder function, sexual response, sweating, heart rate BP, hypoglycaemic unawareness
what is gustatory sweating
sweating after just eaten
what is proximal neuropathy?
wasting of muscles/ pain in thighs, hips or buttocks leading to weakness in legs
what is focal neuropathy?
sudden weakness in 1 nerve group or in 1 nerve causing muscle weakness or pain e.g carpal tunnel
diabetic with hot red swollen foot
what is charcots foot
collapse of mid foot
it is a inflammatory problem
consequences of diabetic nephropathy?
get high blood pressure
decline in renal function
accelerated vascular disease
what do you use to screen for diabetic kidney disease?
albumin creatinine ratio
false positives for microalbuminuria?
what treatment should we consider for people with microalbuminuria/proteinuria?
ACE inhibitors! or ARBs
what eye pathologies do people with diabetes get?
cataract-clouding of the lens
glaucoma- increase in fluid pressure in eye leading to optic nerve damage
acute hyperglycaemia-visual blurring
which part of the back of the eye is of most concern?
optical coherence tomography measures what?
oedema in back of eye
what other complication can occur in about 50% of diabetic men?
name some macrovascular complications/