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Flashcards in Drug quiz 1 Deck (86)
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1

0.9% NaCl brand name

Normal saline

2

saline classification

isotonic crystalloid solution

3

saline MOA

volume, water, electrolyte replacement

4

saline onset of action

immediate

5

saline peak effects

immediate

6

saline duration of effect

until excretion

7

saline half life

n/a

8

saline indications

dehydration, hypovolemia, DKA

9

saline contraindications

hypertension, pulmonary edema

10

saline side effects

pulmonary edema in Pt's w/ CHF

11

saline dose adult

200-250cc until BP>100, max dose 2000cc

12

saline pedi dose

20cc/kg for >1 mos; 10cc/kg for <1 mos

13

saline precautions

depletion of other electrolytes, consider dopamine if hypotension persists after 2000cc

14

saline drug interactions

none

15

5% dextrose in water brand name

D5W

16

D5W classification

hypotonic dextrose containing solution

17

D5W MOA

provides sugar

18

D5W onset of action

varies

19

D5W peak effects

N/A

20

D5W duration of effect

N/A

21

D5W half life

N/A

22

D5W indications

dilution of concentrated IV meds

23

D5W contraindications

hypovolemia requiring volume replacement, Pt w/ head injury or stroke

24

D5W side effects/adverse reactions

rare/none

25

D5W dose adult/pedi

KVO

26

D5W precautions

venous irritation, extravasation may cause tissue necrosis, monitor for circulatory overload

27

D5W drug interactions

do not use with dilantin or inocor

28

Lactated Ringer's brand name

Hartmann's solution

29

Ringer's classification

isotonic crystalloid solution

30

Ringer's MOA

volume, water, electrolyte replacement