Drug quiz 13 - Trauma Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug quiz 13 - Trauma Drugs Deck (83)
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1

fentanyl citrate trade name

sublimaze

2

sublimaze generic

fentanyl citrate

3

fentanyl drug class

narcotic analgesic

4

fentanyl moa

opiate R-agonist causes analgesia

5

fentanyl onset

immediate

6

fentanyl peak

3-5 min IV

7

fentanyl duration

30-60 min

8

fentanyl half life

6-8 hrs

9

fentanyl indications

severe pain and adjunct for RSI

10

fentanyl contraindications

hemorrage/shock; hypersensitivity

11

fentanyl SE

bradycardia, respiratory depression, apnea, chest wall rigidity

12

fentanyl adult dose

1mcg/kg slow IV, max single dose of 100mcg, q10

13

fentanyl pedi dose

1-2mcg/kg slow IV

14

fentanyl precautions

caution with kidney and liver dysfunction, halve the dose for elder Pt's and dose q5

15

fentanyl interactions

additive effects with CNS depressants, not for Pt who used MAOI's w/in last 14 days

16

mannitol trade name

osmotrol

17

osmotrol generic name

mannitol

18

mannitol drug class

osmotic diuretic

19

mannitol moa

osmotic diuretic that inhibits sodium and water reabsorption in the kidneys and promotes fluid shift from intracellular to extracellular space

20

mannitol onset

15 minutes

21

mannitol peak

3-8 hrs

22

mannitol duration

varies

23

mannitol half life

100 minutes

24

mannitol indications

cerebral edema, blood transfusion Rx's

25

mannitol contraindications

acute pulmonary edema, severe pulmonary congestion, hypovolemia

26

mannitol SE

chills, HA, dizziness, lethargy, change in mental status, chest pain, N+V

27

mannitol adult dose

1.5-2g/kg IV slow bolus

28

mannitol pedi dose

0.25-0.5g/kg IV over 60 min

29

mannitol precautions

rapid administration can cause transient volume overload and CHF; diuresis can cause sodium depletion; crystallization begins as temperature approaches 45 degrees F, always use in-line filter

30

mannitol interactions

damages RBC's, do not give with whole blood or packed RBC's