Drug Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug Quiz 2 Deck (59):
1

albuterol sulfate trade name

proventil hfa, proair hfa

2

proair and proventil name

albuterol sulfate

3

albuterol MOA

bronchodilation

4

albulterol onset of action

5-15 minutes

5

albuterol peak effects

1-1.5 hrs

6

albuterol duration of effect

3-6 hrs

7

albuterol half life

<3 hrs

8

albuterol indications

asthma, bronchospasms associated w/ copd

9

albuterol contraindications

symptomatic tachycardia

10

albuterol side effects

Anxiety, head ache, palpitations, dizziness

11

albuterol MDI dose

1 or 2 90 mcg sprays

12

albuterol adult dose

2.5mg in 2.5ml NS over 5-15 min

13

albuterol pedi dose

2.5mg in 2.5ml NS over 5-15 min

14

albuterol precautions

monitor vitals and ekg, use caution w/ pt's with heart disease or HTN, check lung sounds before and after

15

albuterol interactions

beta blockers may blunt effects of drug, MAOI and TCA may potentiate cardiovascular effects, SE may increase with other sympathetic agonists

16

Ipatropium bromide trade name

Atrovent

17

atrovent name

Ipatropium bromide

18

atrovent drug class

parasympatholytic

19

atrovent MOA

muscarinic Ach-R blocker, dries respiratory tract

20

atrovent onset of action

varies

21

atrovent peak effects

1.5-2 hrs

22

atrovent duration of effect

4-6 hrs

23

atrovent half-life

1.5-2 hrs

24

atrovent indications

asthma and COPD bronchospasms

25

atrovent contraindications

hypersensitivity and not to be used as primary treatment of bronchospasm

26

atrovent side effects

anxiety, HA, palpitations, dizziness

27

atrovent adult dose

500 mcg

28

atrovent pedi dose

250-500 mcg

29

atrovent precautions

vitals and ekg monitored, use caution w/ pt's w/ heart disease, htn, elderly, check lung sounds

30

atrovent interactions

few prehospitally

31

Mag sulfate drug class

Antidysrhythmic

32

Mag sulfate MOA

Ca2+ channel blocker, cns depression, smooth muscle relaxation

33

Mag sulfate onset of action

Immediate iv, 1 hr im

34

Mag sulfate peak effects

Varies

35

Mag sulfate duration of effect

1 hour

36

Mag sulfate half life

N/A

37

methylprednisolone brand name

solu-medrol

38

solu-medrol generic name

methylprednisolone

39

solu-medrol drug class

corticosteroid

40

solu-medrol MOA

immunosuppressant

41

solu-medrol onset of action

2-6 hrs

42

solu-medrol peak effect

4-8 days

43

solu-medrol duration of effect

1-5 weeks

44

solu-medrol half life

3.5 hrs

45

solu-medrol indications

anaphylaxis, asthma, copd

46

solu-medrol contraindications

none EMS

47

solu-medrol side effects

fluid retention, chf, htn, head ache

48

solu medrol asthma/anaphylaxis dose adult

125-250mg iv

49

solu medrol pedi asthma/anaphylis dose

2mg/kg iv/io/im; max of 80mg

50

solumedrol precautions

one dose prehospitally

51

solumedrol interactions

lasix and thiazide diuretics increase K loss, decreased effect with phenytoin, phenobarbital, and rifampin

52

albuterol drug class

sympathomimetic

53

mag sulfate indications

asthma/bronchospasm, VF or pulseless VT

54

mag sulfate contraindications

3rd degree heart block, shock, severe hypertension

55

mag sulfate side effects

flushing, sweating, bradycardia, hypotension

56

mag sulfate adult asthma dose

2g in 100cc NS IV over 10 min

57

mag sulfate asthma pedi dose

25-50 mg/kg IV over 15-30 min, max dose 2g

58

mag sulfate precautions

monitor vitals, watch for respiratory depression, have CaCl2 ready

59

mag sulfate drug interactions

digitalis