Drug quiz 10 - crazy person drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug quiz 10 - crazy person drugs Deck (58):
1

ativan generic name

lorazepam

2

lorazepam trade name

ativan

3

ativan drug class

benzodiazepine/sedative/anticonvulsant

4

ativan moa

positive allosteric modulator for GABA receptors, increases intracellular Cl- concentration leading to hyperpolarization of cell

5

ativan onset

1-5 min iv; 15-30 im

6

ativan peak

15-20 iv; 2 hrs im

7

ativan duration

6-8 hrs

8

ativan half life

10-20 hours

9

ativan indications

seizures, premed for cardioversion, anxiety

10

ativan contraindications

hypersensitivity

11

ativan SE

hypotension, drowsy, respiratory depression, N+V

12

ativan adult dose

0.5-2mg IV or 1-4 IM

13

ativan precautions

have benzo antagonist available

14

ativan interactions

additive effects with CNS depressants and alcohol

15

haloperidol trade

haldol

16

haldol generic

haloperidol

17

haldol moa

mesolimbic D1/D2 antagonist, depresses release of hypothalamic and hypophyseal hormones; depresses the reticular activating system

18

haldol onset

30-45 min

19

haldol peak

10-20 min

20

haldol duration

varies

21

haldol half-life

3-35 hrs

22

haldol indications

psychotic episode

23

haldol contraindications

other drugs, especially sedatives or other antipsychotics; dysophoria caused by Talwan

24

haldol SE

EPS, restlessness, insomnia, widened qt

25

haldol adult dose

2-5mg IM q4-8hr or PRN

26

haldol pedi dose

1-3mg IM q4hr or PRN, max of 0.15mg/kg/day

27

haldol precautions

may impair physical and mental abilities, may cause orthostatic hypotension, may cause dystonia

28

haldol interactions

with lithium may cause encephalopathic syndrome; may increase chance of hypotension when taken with antihypertensives; additive effects with depressants

29

naloxone trade

narcan

30

narcan generic

naloxone

31

narcan drug class

narcotic antagonist

32

narcan moa

competitive opiate R antagonist

33

narcan onset

<2 min IV, 2-10 IM/ET

34

narcan peak

<2 min IV; 2-10 IM/ET

35

narcan duration

20-120 min

36

narcan half-life

60-90 min

37

narcan indications

respiratory depression caused by narcotics OD; coma of unknown origin; polypharmacy OD prior to RSI

38

narcan contraindications

hypersensitivity

39

narcan SE

hypotension, hypertension, ventricular dysrhythmias, seizures, n+v

40

narcan adult dose

0.4-2mg q2-3min IV, IO, IM, IN, ET until respiratory status improves

41

narcan pedi dose

0.1mg/kg IM max 2mg/dose

42

narcan precautions

caution w/ Pt with physiological narcotic dependency, may induce withdrawal - including infants with addicted mothers

43

narcan drug interactions

may induce narcotic withdrawal

44

olanzapine trade

zyprexa

45

zyprexa generic

olanzapine

46

zyprexa drug class

antipsychotic

47

zyprexa moa

SSRI, NE reuptake inhibitor with antipsychotic and anticholinergic effects

48

zyprexa onset

<30 min

49

zyprexa peak

6 hrs

50

zyprexa duration

varies

51

zyprexa half life

21-54 hrs

52

zyprexa indications

acute psychosis and alzheimer's

53

zyprexa contraindications

hypersensitivity

54

zyprexa SE

somnolence, myalgia, dizzy, tremor

55

zyprexa adult dose

10mg IM

56

zyprexa pedi dose

not established

57

zyprexa precautions

caution with CV disease, predisposition to hypotension, and Parkinson's disease; must be reconstituted in 3ml water prior to administration

58

zyprexa drug interactions

potentiates hypotensive effects of antihypertensives