Drug Quiz 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug Quiz 3 Deck (63)
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1

nitroglycerin trade name

nitrostat

2

nitrostat generic name

nitroglycerin

3

nitro drug class

vasodilator/nitrate

4

nitro MOA

pro-drug converted to nitric oxide, reduces intracellular Ca2+ in vascular smooth muscle muscle, decreases cardiac preload and afterload

5

nitro onset of effect

1-3 min SL; 30 min topical

6

nitro peak effects

5-10 min SL; varies topically

7

nitro duration of effect

20-30 min SL; 3-6 hrs topically

8

nitro half life

1-4 min

9

nitro indications

chest pain associated with angina or MI, pulmonary edema/CHF

10

nitro contraindications

hypotension, ICP, children under 12, ED drugs within last 48 hrs

11

nitro SE

headache, dizziness, tachycardia, hypotension

12

nitro adult spray dose

.4mg SL q3-5min, (max 3x25min)

13

nitro adult paste dose

0.5-1 inch

14

nitro adult tablet

0.4mg SL

15

nitro precautions

check vitals and 12 lead before and after, expect HA, use EXTREME CAUTION if R-sided MI

16

nitro drug interactions

orthostatic hypertension w/ b-blockers, severe hypotension with alcohol

17

oxygen drug class

gas

18

oxygen MOA

cells use it for breakdown of glucose

19

oxygen onset of action

immediate

20

oxygen peak effects

<1 min

21

oxygen duration of effect

<2 min

22

oxygen half life

n/a

23

oxygen indications

hypoxia, difficulty breathing, spo2<94%

24

oxygen contraindications

ROSC post CA w/ sp02>94%; chest pain, MI, cell injury or death with sp02>94%

25

oxygen side effects

free radicals in presence of injured tissues, causing cell death

26

oxygen adult dose

2-6L NC, 12-15L NRB, 15L BVM

27

oxygen CPAP/VENT dose

varies by O2 demand to meet cmH20 requirement

28

oxygen pedi dose

2-6L NC, 10-15L NRB, 15L BVM

29

oxygen precautions

avoid hyperoxia; high concentrations to neonates can cause eye damage

30

oxygen drug interactions

none EMS