Drug Quiz 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drug Quiz 8 Deck (73)
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1

0.9% sodium chloride trade

normal saline

2

normal saline generic

0.9% sodium chloride

3

NS classification

isotonic crystalloid solution

4

NS mechanism

volume replacement, water, electrolytes

5

NS onset

immediate

6

NS peak

immediate

7

NS duration

varies

8

NS half life

N/A

9

NS indications

dehydration, hypotension/hypovolemia, DKA

10

NS contraindications

pulmonary edema, severe hypotension

11

NS side effects

may induce pulmonary edema in Pt's w/ CHF

12

NS adult dose

200-250CC until 100 systolic or max of 2000cc

13

NS pedi dose

20cc/kg IV for >1mos; 10cc/kg for <1mos

14

NS precautions

may cause depletion of other electrolytes, may dilute O2 carrying capacity with severe bleeding, use dopamine after 2L infused

15

NS interactions

none

16

CaCl2 trade name

none

17

CaCl2 drug class

mineral/electrolyte

18

CaCl2 mechanism

replacement of elemental calcium, increases myocardial contractility and ventricular automaticity

19

CaCl2 onset

immediate

20

CaCl2 peak

unknown

21

CaCl2 duration

varies

22

CaCl2 half life

N/A

23

CaCl2 indications

hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia, Ca2+ channel blocker toxicity, crush syndrome, hypermagnesemia, abd muscle spasms due to brown recluse spider or man of war jellyfish, CA secondary to suspected hyperkalemia

24

CaCl2 contraindications

hypercalcemia

25

CaCl2 side effects

bradycardia, dysrhythmias, syncope, CA

26

CaCl2 adult dose

8-16mg/kg or 500-1000mg IV

27

CaCl2 pedi dose

20mg/kg IV

28

CaCl2 precautions

tissue necrosis if bad line, caution with digitalis, may cause dig toxicity

29

CaCl2 interactions

forms PPT with NaHCO3, dig toxicity

30

Sodium Bicarb trade name

none