Drugs names and what they do Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs names and what they do Deck (27):
1

Angalgesic

Reduces pain ; Asprin

2

Antacid

neutralizes the acid in the stomach; Maalox

3

Antibiotic

Destroys Microorganisms in the body; penicillin

4

Anticoagulant

dpresses (slows) the clotting of blood

5

Antidote

counteract poisons

6

Antiseptic

slows down the growth of bacteria , but dose not kill; hydrogen peroxcide

7

Antispasmodic

relieves smooth muscle spasm; Valium

8

Antitoxin

Neutralizes bacterial toxins in infections; tetanus antitoxin

9

Carminative

agent that reduces farting (gas) in the stomach or intestinal tract

10

Cathartic

Laxative. purgative, inducing bowel movments; cascara sagrada

11

Caustic

destroys tissue by local application; Silver Nitrate

12

Chemtherapeutics

Chemicals used to treat illness "cancer" ; sulfanilamide for a streptococcal infection

13

Coagulant

Stimulates the clotting of blood

14

Diaphoretic

used to induce perspiration

15

Disinfectant

destroys pathogenic organisms; Zephiran Chloride

16

Diuretic

Stimulates the elimination of urine, often used with medications prescribed to hypertension; Diazide

17

Emetic

induces vomiting; warm salt water

18

Emollient

Used to soften and smooth tissue; Cold cream or petroleum Jelly

19

Expectotorant

used to induce coughing, agent that increases bronchial secretion and facilitates its expulsion (cough); Robitussin

20

Hypertensive

helps raise blood pressure

21

Hypnotic

Assists residents to fall asleep

22

Miotic

Constricts the pupils of the eye

23

Sedative

relieves anxiety and emotional tensions; Seconal

24

Tonic or stimulant

used to simulate body activity; Ritalin

25

Vasoconstrictor

causes blood vessels to narrow or constrict

26

Vasodilator

expands or dilates blood vessels

27

Vitamins

used in replacement therapy; Vitamin C