Prefixes Flashcards Preview

LTCA > Prefixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prefixes Deck (99):
1

vaso-

Vessel
Ex: Vasoconstriction -- Narrowing of the blood vessels

2

uro-

Relating to urine

3

uni-

one

4

thermo-

Heat
Ex: Themoophobia --- fear of heat

5

tachy-

Rapid
Ex: Tachycardia -- Rapid heart beating

6

syn-

Loss
Ex:syncope

7

sub-

Under
Ex: subcutaneaus

8

rhino-

Nose

9

Pyo-

Signifying PUS
Ex:Pyodera - Infection of the skin that has pus

10

psycho-

Pretaning to the mind

11

pseudo-

false
Ex: pseudoname

12

procto-

Relating to the ANUS
Ex: proctoscope

13

poly-

many, much

14

pneumo-

Lung
Ex: pneumonia -- inflammation of the lung

15

phlebo-

Relating to a VEIN
Ex: phelebitis - inflammation of a VEIN

16

adeno-

gland
Ex: adenoma

17

a-,an-

Without
Ex: Anorexia - loss of appetite

18

ab-

from, off, away
Ex: Abnormal

19

ambi-

both
ex:ambilateral - both sides

20

ana-

up;towards
Ex: anabolism -- buildingup of metabolism

21

angio-

relating to a vessel
Ex: angiofibrosis - the harding of a vessel wall

22

ante-

in frount of, before
Ex: ante cibum (before a meal)

23

arthro-

pretaning to the joints
Ex: arthroites

24

auto-

self, same
Ex: Autoimmune -- desesis that attackts the body it is trying to protect , it attacks itself

25

bact-

relating to bacteria

26

bi-

two
Ex: bilateral

27

bio-

relation to life
Ex: biology - study of life

28

brady-

slow
Ex: bradycardia -- slow heart beat

29

broncho-

relating to the trachea or windpipe

30

carcino-

pertaning to cancer
Ex: carcinogen - any cancer producing substance

31

cardio-

pertaninig to the heart
Ex: cardiomyopathy - general term that is heart disease

32

cata-

downward, against
Ex: catabolism - the breaking down of chemical compounds in smaller ones

33

celio-

pertaning to the abdomen
Ex: celiectomy - excision of the stomach

34

cephalo-

head
Ex: cephalogram - X-ray of the head

35

cervico-

neck or cervix
Ex:-cervicovesical - pertaning to the urinary bladder and the cervix

36

chiro-

pertaning to the hand
Ex: chiroplasty - plastic surgery on the hand

37

chole-

pretaning to bile
Ex: cholecystotomy - incision into the gal bladder

38

circum-

around
Ex: circumcorneal - around the cornea of the eye

39

com-;con-

with ; together
Ex: Complication - disease or adverse condition associated with another disease or adverse condition

40

contra-

against, opposite
Ex: Iran Conta-Scandal

41

counter-

against, opposite
Ex: Couteraction

42

cranio-

pretaning to the head
Ex: cranioplasty - plastic operation on the skull

43

cysto-

pertaning to the bladder
Ex: cystits - inflammation of the urinary bladder

44

cyto-

relation to a cell
Ex: cytolysis -- dissolution of a cell

45

de-

down, away, from,
Ex: Defibrillation - the arrest of fibrillation

46

derm-

pertaning to the skin

47

dextro-

toward the right side
Ex: dextrocardiogram - image of the right side of the heart

48

di-

double, twice

49

dia-

through, apart
Ex: diagastric- through the stomach

50

dys-

painful, difficult
Ex: dysphasia - difficult in breathing

51

ecto-

out, away, from
Ex: ectoderm

52

em-, en-

in
Ex: Embolic - pushing or growing in

53

encephalo-

contition of the brain or heard
Ex: encephalomyolitis- acute inflammation of the brain and spinal cord

54

endo-

within, inner
Ex: endocarditis - lininig membran of the heart

55

entero-

relating to the intestins
Ex: enterocolotis - inflammation of the mucous membran of the intestestins

56

epi-

above, upon, over,
Ex: epidermititis - inflamation of the skin

57

eu-

good
Ex: euphoria

58

fibro-

pertaining to fiber
Ex: Fibromyalgia

59

gastro-

Stomach
Ex: gastrostomy - establishment of artifical opening into the stomach

60

glyco-

relationship to sweetness (sugar)
Ex: glycgen

61

gyneco-, gyno-

pretaning to a female
Ex: gynecology

62

hemato-

pertaning to blood
Ex: hemorrhage

63

hema-

bleeding , flow of blood
Ex: hematuria - blood in the urine

64

hemi-

half
Ex: hemialgia - pain affecting one entire half of the body

65

hepato-

liver
Ex: hepatitis

66

histo-

relationship to tissue
Ex: histolysis- disintegration of the tissue

67

hydro-

pertaning to water

68

hyper-

excessive

69

hypno (a) -

relating to sleep
hypnotheropy

70

hypo

deficiency, lack of
Ex: Hypochondria

71

hystero-

relating to the uterus
Ex: hysterogram - Xray of the uterus

72

ileo-

relating to the ileum ( the remote small end of the small inteestine)
Ex: ilecolitis

73

infra-

below, beneath
Ex: infracardiac - below the level of the heart

74

inter-

between
Ex: intercoastal - between the ribs

75

intro-

in; into
Ex: introduction

76

kerato-

relating to the cornea, or horney tissue
Ex: keratoconjuctivits -- inflammation of the conjuctivectiva at the border of the cornea

77

labio-

relating to the lip

78

macro-

large, long
Ex:macrocyte - a large red blood cell

79

mast-

relating to the brest
Ex: mastectomy - amputation of the brest

80

mega-

larg, oversized
Ex: megacardia- enlargement of the heart

81

meta-

after. beyond, transformation
Ex: metastasis
Meta World Peace - he changed his name

82

micro-

small

83

multi-

many

84

myel-

pertaning to the spinal cord
Ex: myeloplegia- (spinal paralysis)

85

myo-

relating to the muscle
Ex: myocardial infraction - ( death of heart muscle due to the lack of blood supply --- aka heart attack)

86

necro-

relating to death
Ex: Necrofeilia

87

neuro-

relating to nerves

88

nephro-

pertaning to the kidney
Ex: nephritis ( inflammation of the kidney)

89

odont-

relating to the teeth
Ex: odontalgia - toothache

90

omo-

pertaning to the shoulder
Ex: omodynia

91

ophthalmo-

relating to the eye
Ex: ophthalmoplegia - paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye

92

opto-

relating to vision-
Ex: optometer - instrament for detemining refraction of the eye

93

ortho-

stright
Ex: orthostactic - standing straight up from a relaxed possition

94

osteo-

pertaning to the bones
Ex: osteoporsis - reduction in the quality of bones

95

oxy-

sharp, acute
Ex: oxyesthesia - condition of increased accuity of sensation

96

pachy-

thick
Ex: pachylosis - condition of roughness, dryness, and thicking of the skin

97

pan-

all
Ex: pancarditis - diffuse inflammation of the heart

98

peri-

around-
Ex: peribronchitis - ( inflammation of the tissues surrounding the bronchial tubes

99

rachi-

spine
Ex: rachiocampsis (curvature of the spine)