Endocrinology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Endocrinology Deck (79)
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61

dx of DM

2 FBG > 125
1 random glucose >200 + symptoms
OGTT-- increased glucose
HbA1c> 6.5%

62

goal HbA1c level in DM

less than 7%

63

which diabetes drugs cause weight loss

incretin mimetics

64

nateglinide, repaglinide

stimulators of insulin release, but don't contain sulfa

65

onset: rapid acting insulin

5-15 minutes

66

peak action: rapid acting insulin

1 hour

67

duration: rapid acting insulin

3-4 hours

68

onset: short acting insulin

30-60 minutes

69

peak action: short acting insulin

2 hours

70

duration: short acting insulin

6-8 hours

71

onset: intermediate acting insulin

2-4 hours

72

peak action: intermediate acting insulin

6-7 hours

73

duration: intermediate acting insulin

10-20 hours

74

onset: long acting insulin

1-2 hours

75

peak action: long acting insulin

1-2 hours

76

duration: long acting insulin

24hrs

77

DKA presentation

in BOTH DMT1 and DMT2

78

potassium replacement DKA

replace potassium when levels are approaching normal

79

what factor indicates severity of DKA

serum bicarb (if very low, risk of death)