Flashcards in Erikson Deck (12)
How did Erikson's ego psychology theory drift from Freud's psychoanalysis?
- rather than being id-ego-superego, it was interaction btw id-ego-superego and external social world
- emphasised psychosocial rather than psychosexual
- shifted from abnormal defensively motivated behaviours to HEALTHY fning of ego
What is the difference btw Eriskon and Freud's ego?
- Erikson's ego is the centre of personality, Freud's is a reified part of his tripartite theory
What is the role of Erikson's ego?
- main role was to establish and maintain our sense of identity
What was Erikson's focus of the mother's role in the formation of the ego?
- social interaction btw the infant and its interpersonal world
What was Erikson's epigenetic principle?
- that there are 8 various stages of life --> need to overcome these crises in order to get to the next stage
- each one is built on a previous stage
What are the 8 stages of Erikson's personality development?
- love (young adulthood)
Which parts of each stage must someone overcome to reach the next stage?
- syntonic vs. dystonic: both are just as important as each other
What is the basic strength that emerges in young adulthood?
What did Erikson about identity crisis?
- that some adolescents experience identity crisis --> a temporary period of confusion and distress as they experiment with alternatives before settling on a set of values and goals.
What did Baumeister say against Freud's 'identity crisis'?
- although adolescents question their self-values, they experience identity exploration, not confusion
What is some refutability against Erikson's theory?
- James Marcia identified 4 different modes of identity formation'
- Rosenthal developed the Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory
- over 300 studies alone on ego-integrity