Erikson Flashcards Preview

Psyc 2014 > Erikson > Flashcards

Flashcards in Erikson Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

How did Erikson's ego psychology theory drift from Freud's psychoanalysis?

- rather than being id-ego-superego, it was interaction btw id-ego-superego and external social world
- emphasised psychosocial rather than psychosexual
- shifted from abnormal defensively motivated behaviours to HEALTHY fning of ego

2

What is the difference btw Eriskon and Freud's ego?

- Erikson's ego is the centre of personality, Freud's is a reified part of his tripartite theory

3

What is the role of Erikson's ego?

- main role was to establish and maintain our sense of identity

4

What was Erikson's focus of the mother's role in the formation of the ego?

- social interaction btw the infant and its interpersonal world

5

What was Erikson's epigenetic principle?

- that there are 8 various stages of life --> need to overcome these crises in order to get to the next stage
- each one is built on a previous stage

6

What are the 8 stages of Erikson's personality development?

- hope
- will
- purpose
- competence
- fidelity
- love (young adulthood)
- care
- wisdom

7

Which parts of each stage must someone overcome to reach the next stage?

- syntonic vs. dystonic: both are just as important as each other

8

What is the basic strength that emerges in young adulthood?

- LOVE

9

What did Erikson about identity crisis?

- that some adolescents experience identity crisis --> a temporary period of confusion and distress as they experiment with alternatives before settling on a set of values and goals.

10

What did Baumeister say against Freud's 'identity crisis'?

- although adolescents question their self-values, they experience identity exploration, not confusion

11

What is some refutability against Erikson's theory?

- James Marcia identified 4 different modes of identity formation'
- Rosenthal developed the Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventory
- over 300 studies alone on ego-integrity

12

What are Marcia's 'modes of identity formation'?

- identity achievement: definite commitments
- moratorium: exploring possible commitments
- identity foreclosure: adopted others' commitments (inflexible, susceptible to cult-following)
- identity diffusion: no characteristics, can lead to alcoholism etc.