Flashcards in Jung Deck (18)
What did Jung come up with from Freud's free association?
- word association: response to a word
What led to the divergence in thinking between Jung and Freud's relationship breakup?
- divergence in views after analysing each other's dreams
During what period was Jung ostracized from the public?
What did Jung refer to his self-analysis as?
- confrontation with the unconscious
What was Jung's approach to psychology called?
- analytic psychology
What were some of the main concepts in 'analytic psychology'?
- collective unconscious
- symbolism in dreams
What was the structure of Jung's psyche?
- conscious ego (functions as the part of the conscious
- PERSONAL unconscious (actively withdrawn from consciousness from conscious through repression)
- COLLECTIVE unconscious- difference (deepest part of our psyche- inherited part)--> functional units are the archetypes; we share them
What are 3 main differences between Jung and Freud's approach>
- Jung's theory is EXPERIENCE driven (self-analysis)
- Jung's theory explain things that freud's failed to explain: e.g. how we construct dreams from events we have not personally explained
- COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS: inherited, rather than learned mode of functioning
- more importance on the conscious
What are archetypes?
- innate: give rise to similar thoughts, images, feelings and ideas in ppl (irrespective of anything)
- makes up the collective unconscious whose power is vested in a central nucleus (the Self)
What are some examples of archetypes?
- mother archetype: contiguity of a female caretaker
- god/christ archetype: spirituality of Jungian psychological theory
- hero archetype: hero defeats evil
- persona archetype: mask we present to others when we meet them for the first time
What was the mandala?
- symbol of the path to the centre to individuation
- symbol of the self as a reonciler of the opposites
Why did Jung's theory of archetypes no receive enthusiastic welcome?
- timing (psychology in the grip of Watson, behaviourism)
- lack of refutability
What is synchronicity?
- occurrence of two events not linked causally, nor teleologically, yet are meaningfully related
- impossible to prove/disprove
What is some evidence for Jung's theory?
- Myer- Briggs Type Indicator.
- word association tests & personality types are testable (i.e. extrovert/introvert)
How did Jung define introverts/extroverts?
- introverts--> ego faced inward towards their persona, towards their collective unconscious (human connectedness)
- extroverts --> ego faced towards the outer social reality
What is some support towards nomothetic applications of Jung?
- COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS
What is some support towards idiographic applications of Jung's theories?
- personality types
- the self