Exam 2: Esophageal Choke, Rumenotomy, Rumen Fistula, & Pericarditis Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LASx PRACTICE QUESTIONS > Exam 2: Esophageal Choke, Rumenotomy, Rumen Fistula, & Pericarditis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2: Esophageal Choke, Rumenotomy, Rumen Fistula, & Pericarditis Deck (15)
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1

Clinical signs of esophageal choke

bloat

salivation

coughing/retching

protruding tongue

extended head, neck

2

How is esophageal choke diagnosed?

Esophagography using barium

3

What is an important differential for esophageal choke in cows?

RABIES

4

What causes esophageal choke?

Foreign body obstruction

or

sharp FBs

5

Complications of esophageal choke include:

inability to eructate which results in ________

and

loss of saliva which results in _________

bloat

 

metabolic acidosis

6

How is esophageal choke treated?

Try to move obstruction to proximal esophagus and manually remove.

Otherwise- push it down into the rumen with a stomach tube.

 

LAST RESORT is surgery- too many complication with

esophageal sx

7

Name the layers of the esophagus

Adventitial > Muscular > Submucosa > Mucosa

 

NO SEROSAL COVERING

8

Why is esophageal sx challenging?

dirty procedure

no serosal layer

proximity of recurrent laryngeal nerve

9

An esophagostomy should be created ______

to the repaired esophagus, and left in place

a minimum of 7 - 10 days to allow stoma formation

CAUDAL

10

A temporary rumen fistula is used for immediate relief

of ____________, aka TYPE 1  vagal indigestion

chronic bloat

11

What are the indications for rumenotomy?

chronic bloat

foreign body

reticular abscess

Type 2 vagal indigestion (failure of omasal transport)

12

Prognosis for rumenotomy due to foreign body,

decreases with involvement of the

_______ side of the reticulum

right

13

What are the clinical signs for traumatic reticulopericarditis?

RIGHT sided heart failure (jugular vein distension, brisket edema)

Tachypnea, Tachycardia, Muffled heart sounds

CS of GI dz

14

How is traumatic reticulopericarditis treated?

SALVAGE, Abx, pericardial lavage, PERICARDECTOMY (complications involved)

15

Animals undergoing pericardectomy to

treat traumatic reticulopericarditis

usually die from this sequelae

constrictive pericarditis