LASx Exam 1: Lameness in Cattle Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LASx PRACTICE QUESTIONS > LASx Exam 1: Lameness in Cattle > Flashcards

Flashcards in LASx Exam 1: Lameness in Cattle Deck (19)
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1

>80% of lameness is located in the foot.

>80% of lameness is located in the hindlimb.

>80% of lameness is in the _________ claw

in cows

OUTER

2

The weight-bearing claw is the most commonly affected.

In the hind limb, it is the ______ claw

and

in the fore limb, it is the ______ claw

HIND- OUTER

FORE- INNER

3

What are the 7 most common causes of lameness in cattle?

White line disease

Fissures/cracks

Fractures

Interdigital hyperplasia

Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis (Hairy Foot Warts)

Sole Ulcer/Abscess

Septic Arthritis

 

White PISS Fissures and Fractures

4

What is white line disease in cattle?

The weak junction between the hoof wall and sole

is penetrated by either bacteria, hemorrhage, or inflammation.

This results in separation of the corium and hoof

and you may see purulent discharge at the coronary band above the heel

5

How do you treat white line disease in cattle?

Remove the hoof wall next to the infected tract:

FOLLOW BLACK tract

and ignore red tract.

 

Also give BIOTIN (B7)

6

Vertical Fissures aka SANDCRACKS

are more common in _______ cattle

BEEF

7

What is the most common location to see

a vertical fissure/sandcrack?

Front OUTER claw

8

T/F:

Vertical fissures/sandcracks can lead to lamenes and proud flesh

TRUE

9

The only time you will see lameness due to

vertical fissure/sandcrack is when it becomes infected.

How do you treat this?

Pare horn to open tract and drain the purulent material

10

How do you treat proud flesh associated with vertical fissure/sandcracks?

Debride, open tract, and apply block to sound hoof

11

What are the risk factors for laminitis in cows?

High concentrate diet --> Rumen acidosis

Mastitis and Metritis

12

How do cows with laminitis present?

Cross-legged stance

due to pain in the MEDIAL digits

13

Interdigital fibroma/hyperplasia (corns) is more common in

this gender of cow

MALES

14

How do you prevent corns?

Improved hygiene and appropriate hoof trimming

15

Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis (Hairy Foot Wart)

is most common in ________ cattle

DAIRY

16

The infectious agent responsible for

Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis (Hairy Foot Wart) is

SPIROCHETE (Treponema)

17

What is the most common location of

Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis (Hairy Foot Wart)?

Plantar aspect of HIND feet

18

What topical Abx are used to treat

Papillomatous Digital Dermatitis (Hairy Foot Wart)?

Tetracyclin, Lincomycin, Tylosin

19

What are the most common locations to find solar ulcers in cows?

Lateral (OUTSIDE) claw in hindfoot

Medial (INSIDE) claw in forefoot