Exam 2: Hernias Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2: Hernias Deck (48)
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1

What are the 3 categories of abdominal hernias?

Reducible

Incarcerated (Non-reducible)

Stragulated

2

What are the 3 portions of a hernia?

Ring

Sac

Contents

3

true hernia is also known as an ________ hernia

indirect

4

false hernia is also known as a _________ hernia

direct

5

This type of hernia is characterized by

components coming through an aperature,

and consisting of a complete peritoneal sac

True-Indirect hernia

6

A false-direct hernia does NOT contain a peritoneal sac,

and is usually created by ________

trauma

7

The most commonly seen inguinal hernia in horses

Indirect-True INGUINAL hernia

8

T/F:

Unilateral congenital inguinal hernias are more common

than bilateral congenital inguinal hernias 

TRUE

Congenital: unilateral > bilateral

9

Congenital inguinal hernias (seen most commonly in colts)

usually resolves spontaneously 

by ________months of age

3 - 6 months

10

A _________ inguinal hernia

is seen 4 - 48 hours after birth in foals

ruptured

11

Ruptured inguinal hernias in

_____ horses are acquired and NON-reducible.

Adult

12

T/F:

In foals, inguinal hernias are congenital, reducible,

and non-painful

TRUE

13

The most common organs involved in

equine inguinal hernias 

Distal Jejunum

+

Ileum

14

Equine inguinal hernias are usually this type

TRUE INDIRECT

15

In horses, an acquired inguinal hernia/rupture

requires EMERGENCY surgery

and the survival rate is _____%

76%

16

The open approach to surgical management of inguinal hernias

involves transection of the ___________

which attaches the vaginal sac to the scrotum

scrotal ligament

17

What is the purpose of performing a castration

on an animal that has had an acquired inguinal hernia?

To prevent recurrence

18

What surgical procedure is used to treat

inguinal hernias in foals?

Laparoscopic herniorrhapy

19

What surgical procedure is used to treat inguinal hernias

if you want to preserve viable testes?

Peritoneal Flap Hernioplasty

20

Indirect inguinal hernias in cattle

are usually seen in mature bulls on the

LEFT side. Why?

increased pressure due to rumen

21

Indirect inguinal hernias are seen most often

in BEEF breeds, especially this breed in particular

Hereford

22

Indirect inguinal hernias are often CHRONIC in cattle

and lead to decreased _________ quality

semen

23

Herefords are more prone to Indirect inguinal hernias

due to their _________ conformation

hourglass

24

How are Indirect inguinal hernias

different from Direct inguinal hernias in cattle?

DIRECT has no side predilection and NO hourglass shape

25

The most common type of hernia seen in the horse 

UMBILICAL hernias

(2% occurrence in foals)

26

Strangulated umbilical hernias are rare, non-reducible, and painful.

a Parietal ______ Hernia is caused when

the antimesenteric wall of the ileum becomes incarcerated

RICHTER

27

Umbilical Hernias:

Firm thickened hernia ring = ______ prognosis for repair

Thin/indistinct hernia ring = ______ prognosis for repair

Umbilical Hernias:

Firm thickened hernia ring = GOOD prognosis for repair

Thin/indistinct hernia ring = FAIR prognosis for repair

(potential increased complications)

28

What are the contents of umbilical hernias?

Subperitoneal fat, omentum, viscera (ileum or small intestine

most common)

 

29

T/F:

Umbilical hernias are almost always reducible

TRUE

30

Umbilical Hernias:

Hernias less than _______ cm in diameter

and reducible 

can be treated conservatively

< 5 cm