What are the 3 categories of abdominal hernias?
What are the 3 portions of a hernia?
A true hernia is also known as an ________ hernia
A false hernia is also known as a _________ hernia
This type of hernia is characterized by
components coming through an aperature,
and consisting of a complete peritoneal sac
A false-direct hernia does NOT contain a peritoneal sac,
and is usually created by ________
The most commonly seen inguinal hernia in horses
Indirect-True INGUINAL hernia
Unilateral congenital inguinal hernias are more common
than bilateral congenital inguinal hernias
Congenital: unilateral > bilateral
Congenital inguinal hernias (seen most commonly in colts)
usually resolves spontaneously
by ________months of age
3 - 6 months
A _________ inguinal hernia
is seen 4 - 48 hours after birth in foals
Ruptured inguinal hernias in
_____ horses are acquired and NON-reducible.
In foals, inguinal hernias are congenital, reducible,
The most common organs involved in
equine inguinal hernias
Equine inguinal hernias are usually this type
In horses, an acquired inguinal hernia/rupture
requires EMERGENCY surgery
and the survival rate is _____%
The open approach to surgical management of inguinal hernias
involves transection of the ___________
which attaches the vaginal sac to the scrotum
What is the purpose of performing a castration
on an animal that has had an acquired inguinal hernia?
To prevent recurrence
What surgical procedure is used to treat
inguinal hernias in foals?
What surgical procedure is used to treat inguinal hernias
if you want to preserve viable testes?
Peritoneal Flap Hernioplasty
Indirect inguinal hernias in cattle
are usually seen in mature bulls on the
LEFT side. Why?
increased pressure due to rumen
Indirect inguinal hernias are seen most often
in BEEF breeds, especially this breed in particular
Indirect inguinal hernias are often CHRONIC in cattle
and lead to decreased _________ quality
Herefords are more prone to Indirect inguinal hernias
due to their _________ conformation
How are Indirect inguinal hernias
different from Direct inguinal hernias in cattle?
DIRECT has no side predilection and NO hourglass shape
The most common type of hernia seen in the horse
(2% occurrence in foals)
Strangulated umbilical hernias are rare, non-reducible, and painful.
a Parietal ______ Hernia is caused when
the antimesenteric wall of the ileum becomes incarcerated
Firm thickened hernia ring = ______ prognosis for repair
Thin/indistinct hernia ring = ______ prognosis for repair
Firm thickened hernia ring = GOOD prognosis for repair
Thin/indistinct hernia ring = FAIR prognosis for repair
(potential increased complications)
What are the contents of umbilical hernias?
Subperitoneal fat, omentum, viscera (ileum or small intestine
Umbilical hernias are almost always reducible
Hernias less than _______ cm in diameter
can be treated conservatively
< 5 cm