LASx Exam 1: Nerve Surgery, Corrective and Therapeutic Shoeing Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LASx PRACTICE QUESTIONS > LASx Exam 1: Nerve Surgery, Corrective and Therapeutic Shoeing > Flashcards

Flashcards in LASx Exam 1: Nerve Surgery, Corrective and Therapeutic Shoeing Deck (26)
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1

Paralysis of the suprascapular nerve is known as

Sweeny

2

Which muscles are affected by Sweeny due to being

innervated by the paralyzed suprascapular nerve? 

Supraspinatus and infraspinatus mm.

3

What is the treatment for STRINGHALT?

Lateral Digital Extenson Tenotomy

4

What are the 3 indications for a Palmar Digital Neurectomy?

Navicular disease

Navicular bone fracture

Chronic hoof/foot pain

5

What are the palpable landmarks for a

palmar digital neurectomy?

DDFT and Pastern Bone

6

What are the 3 most common complications

associated with palmar digital neurectomy?

Neuroma formation

Reinnervation

Hoof abscess

7

How often do you trim a horses hooves?

q 4 - 6 weeks

8

Hooves grow __mm per month

6 mm/month

9

The hoof grows from the ______ distally

coronet

10

The hoof grows from this specific structure

Perioplic corium

11

Front hooves are more _______

while back hooves are more _______

Front- round

Back- pointed

12

In this breed of horse, toe is left longer to

increase stride length and speed

Pacers/Standardbreds

13

What do you call the person that shoes horses?

Farrier

14

This tool tightens and curves nail around the hoof

Alligator Clincher

15

This issue that occurs with improper shoeing can result in

a horse becoming lame a few hours to a day after shoeing

NAIL BOUND- nail is crooked inside and putting pressure on the

sensitive lamina

16

Horses get "sidebones" from walking on pavement and cobblestone for long periods of time.

This means that the hoof cartilages become ________ 

overtime resulting in ___________, or

improper expansion of heels

CALCIFIED

 

CONTRACTED HEELS

17

How do you treat navicular disease in a horse using shoes?

Rocker-toe shoe with elevated heel to support the DDFT

18

If a flexor tendon ruptures BELOW the fetlock,

the toe will point _____

below fetlock = toe points UP

19

What type of shoe is used to treat a flexor tendon

rupture BELOW the fetlock?

Egg bar shoe (supports pastern)

20

What type of shoe is used to treat flexor tendon rupture ABOVE the fetlock?

Fetlock sling shoe with a KIMSEY splint

(wedge gradually lowered)

21

What are the clinical signs associated with a solar abscess?

lameness

thumping digital pulse

draining tract at coronary band

swelling PROXIMAL to hoof capsule

22

After debriding and draining the solar abscess,

which type of shoe is put on to help with treatment?

PLATE shoe

23

Abnormal keratinization in response to chronic injury

that puts pressure on the coffin bone causing bone resorption

is also known as

KERATOMA

24

Deviation at the white line is indicative of this condition

caused by chronic injury

KERATOMA

25

Chronic purulent inflammation of the collateral cartilage

inside the hoof wall is known as

QUITTOR - necrosis of collateral cartilage

26

What type of shoe is used to correct

angular limb deformities in foals?

DALMER shoe