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Flashcards in Fallopian tubes: clinical Deck (12)
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1

what is Salpingitis? (cause)

inflammation of the uterine tubes that is usually caused by bacterial infection

2

what can salphingitis cause?

can cause adhesions of the mucosa which may partially or completely block the lumen of the uterine tubes

3

what can salphingitis potentially result in?

infertility or an ectopic pregnancy

4

can sperm still pass through if the lumen of the uterine tube is partially occluded?

sperm may be able to pass through and fertilise the ovum

5

what may happen if the lumen of the uterine tube is partially occluded?

the fertilised egg may not be able to pass into the uterus, and can implant in the uterine tube

6

what is ectopic pregnancy?

implantation within the fallopian tube

7

why is ectopic pregnancy a medical emergency?

if not diagnosed early, the implanted blastocyst can cause rupture and haemorrhage of the affected tube

8

what is a method of sterilisation?

Surgical cutting of the uterine tubes

9

what happens during surgical cutting of the uterine tubes?

The oocyte is unable to pass into the uterus, and therefore cannot progress to a pregnancy

10

what are the 2 main methods of ligation?

open abdominal
Laproscopic

11

what is open abdominal ligation?

Carried out via a suprapubic incision

12

what is laproscopic ligation?

Carried out via a fibre optic laproscope, inserted via a small incision near the umbilicus