Clinical: Structural & functional Defects of the Penis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical: Structural & functional Defects of the Penis Deck (17)
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1

what is Hypospadias?

A congenital condition in which patients are born with the opening to their urethra on the ventral aspect of the penis

2

how can hypospadias be corrected?

with surgery

3

what is Phimosis?

a condition where the prepuce fits tightly over the glans and cannot be retracted

4

what can phimosis cause? when?

irritation when smegma (oily secretions) accumulate in the preputial sac

5

what is a more severe variant of phimosis?

paraphimosis

6

what is paraphimosis?

retraction of the prepuce and the glans constricts the neck of the glans

7

what does paraphimosis interfere with?

interfering with venous and lymphatic drainage

8

what may paraphimosis cause?

cause the glans to enlarge to the extent that the prepuce cannot be drawn over it

9

what is Peyronie’s Disease?

an abnormal curvature of the shaft of the penis caused by a build up of scar tissue

10

what may Peyronie’s Disease cause?

It may cause pain on erection

11

in severe cases of Peyronie’s Disease, what is required?

surgical correction is required

12

what is Erectile Dysfunction?

the inability to maintain an erection

13

most common causes of erectile dysfunction?

It it a common condition, which may result from a number of causes, most commonly of a vascular aetiology (such as hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia or diabetes)

14

psychological causes of erectile dysfunction?

include anxiety and depression

15

what is Priapism?

an erection that persists for more than four hours despite a lack of sexual stimulation

16

how does priapism often present?

It is often painful and results from blood becoming trapped in the erectile bodies

17

what happens if priapism is left untreated?

it may lead to scarring and erectile dysfunction