vagina: clinical, neurovascular & lymph Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in vagina: clinical, neurovascular & lymph Deck (12)
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1

what can disrupt the natural vaginal flora?

low oestrogen levels e.g. pregnancy
diabetes
reduction in lactobacilli (antibiotics treatment)

2

what can disruption in the natural vaginal flora lead to?

overgrowth and infections e.g. candidiasis (thrush), bacterial vaginosis

3

blood supply to vagina?

uterine and vaginal arteries

4

what are uterine and vaginal arteries branches of?

internal iliac artery

5

venous return of vagina?

vaginal venous plexus

6

where does vaginal venous plexus drain into?

(vaginal venous plexus --> uterine vein --> internal iliac veins)
drains into the internal iliac veins, via the uterine vein

7

lymphatic drainage of vagina?

iliac and superficial inguinal lymph nodes

8

The parasympathetic and sympathetic nerves supplying the vagina are derived from?

the uterovaginal nerve plexus

9

The uterovaginal plexus lies where?

in the base of the broad ligament either side of the supravaginal part of the cervix

10

The inferior fibres from the uterovaginal plexus supply what?

the superior part of the vagina

11

where are the inferior fibres from the uterovaginal plexus derived from?

the inferior hypogastic plexus and the pelvic splanchnic nerves

12

The inferior part of the vagina is innervated by?

a branch of the pudendal nerve called the deep perineal nerve