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Flashcards in Ligaments of the female reproductive tract Deck (32)
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1

what are ligaments of the female reproductive tract?

a series of structures that support the internal female genitalia in the pelvis

2

what are the categories of the female reproductive tract?

broad ligament
uterine ligaments
ovarian ligaments

3

what is the broad ligament?

a sheet of peritoneum, associated with both the uterus and ovaries

4

what are uterine ligaments?

ligaments primarily associated with the uterus

5

what are ovarian ligaments?

ligaments primary associated with the ovaries

6

collectively, how are the ligaments of the female reproductive tract like?

ligaments are tough and non-extensible

7

what do the ligaments of the female reproductive tract act to do?

support the female viscera and provide a conduit for neurovascular structures

8

what is the broad ligament?

a flat sheet of peritoneum, associated with the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries

9

where does the broad ligament extend from?

from the lateral pelvic walls on both sides

10

where does the broad ligament fold over?

the internal female genitalia, covering their surface anteriorly and posteriorly

11

how can the broad ligament be divided anatomically?

3 regions:
Mesometrium
Mesovarium
Mesosalpinx

12

what is the mesometrium?

Surrounds the uterus and is the largest subsection of the broad ligament

13

where does the mesometrium run? (largest section of broad ligament)

It runs laterally to cover the external iliac vessels, forming a distinct fold over them

14

what does the mesometrium also enclose?

the proximal part of the round ligament of the uterus

15

What is the Mesovarium?

Part of the broad ligament associated with the ovaries

16

where does the Mesovarium project from? attaches?

It projects from the posterior surface of the broad ligament and attaches to the hilum of the ovary, enclosing its neurovascular supply

17

does the mesovarium cover the ovary?

NO

18

where does the Mesosalpinx originate?

Originates superiorly to the mesovarium

19

what does the Mesosalpinx encloes?

fallopian tubes

20

arterial supply of uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries?

uterine and ovarian arteries

21

where are the uterine and ovarian arteries contained within?

contained within the broad ligament

22

where are the other ligaments of the female reproductive tract located?

within the broad ligament

23

what are the ligaments supporting the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries located within the broad ligament?

Ovarian ligament
Round ligament of uterus
Suspensory ligament of ovary

24

what is the suspensory ligament of ovary also known as?

the infundibulopelvic ligament

25

which 2 ligaments attach to the ovaries?

the ovarian ligament and suspensory ligament of ovary

26

where does the ovarian ligament attach to the ovary?

The ovarian ligament is attached to the ovary inferiorly

27

what does the ovarian ligament connect the ovary to?

to the side of the uterus

28

structurally, what is the ovarian ligament?

a fibrous band of tissue that lies within the broad ligament

29

where does the ovarian ligament join the uterus?

just below the origin of the fallopian tubes

30

where does the suspensory ligament of the ovary extend?

extends outwards from the ovary to the lateral abdominal wall