Ligaments associated with the uterus Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ligaments associated with the uterus Deck (25)
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1

how can the ligaments of the uterus be divided?

by where they attach to the uterus:
superior aspect
middle aspect

2

what are the superior aspect ligaments of the uterus supported by?

supported by the broad ligament and the round ligaments

3

what are the middle aspect ligaments of the uterus supported by?

supported by the cardinal, pubocervical and uterosacral ligaments

4

what is the inferior aspect of uterus supported by?

structures in the pelvic floor – the levator ani, perineal membrane and perineal body

5

what is the round ligament a remnant of?

gubernaculum

6

where does the round ligament of the uterus originate from?

It originates at the uterine horns

7

where does the round ligament of the uterus attach?

attaches to the labia majora, passing through the inguinal canal

8

what are the uterine horns?

the points at which the fallopian tubes enter the uterus

9

what can be a source of pain during pregnancy?

The round ligament can be a source of pain during pregnancy

10

why can the round ligament be a source of pain during pregnancy?

due to the increased force placed on the ligament by the expanding uterus

11

what are the cardinal ligaments also known as?

the lateral, transverse cervical, or Mackenrodt’s ligaments

12

where are the cardinal ligaments located?

along the inferior border of the broad ligament

13

what is contained within the cardinal ligaments?

the uterine artery and uterine veins

14

Where do the cardinal ligaments arise from?

These ligaments arise from the side of the cervix and the lateral fornix of the vagina

15

what do the cardinal ligaments provide?

They provide an extensive attachment on the lateral pelvic wall at the level of the ischial spines

16

what do the fibres of the cardinal ligaments interdigitate with?

with fibres from the uterosacral ligaments

17

when are cardinal ligaments often removed?

during a hysterectomy

18

why are the cardinal ligaments removed during a hysterectomy?

due to a malignancy, the cardinal ligaments are often removed as they are common reservoir of cancerous cells

19

what are the pubocervical ligaments?

bilateral structures

20

what do the pubocervical ligaments attach to?

attach the cervix to the posterior surface of the pubic symphysis

21

what is the function of the pubocervical ligaments?

support the uterus within the pelvic cavity

22

what are the uterosacral ligaments?

The uterosacral ligaments are also bilateral fibrous bands

23

what do the uterosacral ligaments attach?

attach the cervix to the sacrum

24

what are the uterosacral ligaments also known as?

the recto-uterine ligaments or sacrocervical ligaments

25

what do the uterosacral ligaments support?

supports the uterus and holds it in place