Flashcards in Vulva: clinical and neurovascular Deck (20)
what are the Bartholin's glands also known as?
greater vestibular nerves
what is Bartholinitis?
Bartholin's glands can become easily infected and inflamed
how do you treat bartholinitis?
what is Bartholin's cyst?
glands become blocked without infection
fill with fluid
Blood supply to the external genitalia is delivered by?
paired pudendal arteries
(internal branch contributes most) - internal pudendal artery
what are the veins of vulva?
pudendal veins, with the smaller labial veins as tributaries
during sexual activity, what happens to the clitoris? why?
the pudendal and smaller labial veins become engorged, increasing the size of clitoris
lymphatic drainage of the vulva?
superficial inguinal lymph nodes
external female genitalia receives which type of innervation?
sensory and parasympathetic nervous supply (ANS)
sensory innervation of anterior vulva?
ilioinguinal nerve, and the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
sensory innervation of posterior vulva?
pudendal nerve, and by the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh
where else does The clitoris and the vestibule also receive parasympathetic innervation from?
from the cavernous nerves, derived from the uterovaginal plexus
what is herpes simplex most commonly caused by?
Herpes simplex type II virus
symptoms of herpes simplex?
itching and burning, with formation of painful red vesicles ~3 days after infection
what may happen to herpes simplex aside from itching and burning?
These may ulcerate and last up to 2 weeks, sometimes with recurrent attacks
what are genital warts?
benign growths of epithelium
what are genital warts caused by?
where can HPV infection spread to?
Infection can spread to the vagina and cervix
how is HPV infection readily transmitted?
via sexual activity