Vulva: clinical and neurovascular Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vulva: clinical and neurovascular Deck (20)
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1

what are the Bartholin's glands also known as?

greater vestibular nerves

2

what is Bartholinitis?

Bartholin's glands can become easily infected and inflamed

3

how do you treat bartholinitis?

antibiotics

4

what is Bartholin's cyst?

glands become blocked without infection
fill with fluid

5

Blood supply to the external genitalia is delivered by?

paired pudendal arteries
(internal branch contributes most) - internal pudendal artery

6

what are the veins of vulva?

pudendal veins, with the smaller labial veins as tributaries

7

during sexual activity, what happens to the clitoris? why?

the pudendal and smaller labial veins become engorged, increasing the size of clitoris

8

lymphatic drainage of the vulva?

superficial inguinal lymph nodes

9

external female genitalia receives which type of innervation?

sensory and parasympathetic nervous supply (ANS)

10

sensory innervation of anterior vulva?

ilioinguinal nerve, and the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve

11

sensory innervation of posterior vulva?

pudendal nerve, and by the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh

12

where else does The clitoris and the vestibule also receive parasympathetic innervation from?

from the cavernous nerves, derived from the uterovaginal plexus

13

what is herpes simplex most commonly caused by?

Herpes simplex type II virus

14

symptoms of herpes simplex?

itching and burning, with formation of painful red vesicles ~3 days after infection

15

what may happen to herpes simplex aside from itching and burning?

These may ulcerate and last up to 2 weeks, sometimes with recurrent attacks

16

what are genital warts?

benign growths of epithelium

17

what are genital warts caused by?

HPV

18

where can HPV infection spread to?

Infection can spread to the vagina and cervix

19

how is HPV infection readily transmitted?

via sexual activity

20

Certain strains of HPV may predispose affected individuals to what?

to dysplastic changes in the cervix, vagina and/or anus which can potentially lead to carcinoma