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Repro anatomy > Uterus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Uterus Deck (24):
1

what type of organ is the uterus?

secondary sex organ

2

what are secondary sex organs?

components of the reproductive tract that mature during puberty under the influence of sex hormones produced from primary sex organs

3

what are primary sex organs?

the ovaries in females and the testes in males

4

what is the uterus responsible for?

for the maintenance and transportation of gametes

5

what is the uterus?

a thick-walled muscular organ capable of expansion to accommodate a growing foetus

6

what is the uterus connected distally to?

vagina

7

what is the uterus connected laterally to?

uterine tubes

8

what are the different parts of the uterus?

3 parts:
fundus
body
cervix

9

what is the fundus of the uterus? (location)

Top of the uterus, above the entry point of the uterine tubes

10

function of body of uterus?

Usual site for implantation of the blastocyst (inner embryoblast and outer trophoblast)

11

what is the cervix?

Lower part of uterus

12

what is significant about the cervix?

structurally and functionally different to the rest of the uterus

13

what does the cervix link?

uterus to vagina

14

The exact anatomical location of the uterus varies with what?

the degree of distension of the bladder

15

In the normal adult uterus, how can the uterus be described in respect to the vagina?

anteverted with respect to the vagina

16

In the normal adult uterus, how can the uterus be described in respect to the cervix?

anteflexed with respect to the cervix

17

what is anteverted?

Rotated forward, towards the anterior surface of the body

18

what is anteflexed?

Flexed, towards the anterior surface of the body

19

where does the uterus lie in relation to the bladder?

posterosuperior to the bladder

20

where does the uterus lie in relation to the rectum?

anterior to the rectum

21

what are the 3 types of abnormal positioning of the uterus?

excessively anteflexed
anteflexed and retroverted
retroflexed and retroverted

22

where is a retroverted uterus positioned?

directly above the vagina

23

what is likely to happen in a retroverted uterus when there is an increase in abdominal pressure?

the uterus is more likely to prolapse into the vagina

24

uterine prolapse is particularly prevalent in who?

patients with a histology of pelvic floor damage