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Flashcards in Fallopian tube Deck (23)
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1

what are the uterine tubes also known as?

fallopian tubes
(oviducts / salpinx)

2

what are uterine tubes?

muscular ‘J-shaped’ tubes, found in the female reproductive tract

3

where do the uterine tubes lie?

in the upper border of the broad ligament

4

where do the uterine tubes extend?

laterally from the uterus

5

where do uterine tubes open into?

the abdominal cavity, near the ovaries

6

what is the main function of the uterine tubes?

assist in the transfer and transport of the ovum from the ovary, to the uterus

7

what are the ultrastructures of the uterine tube which assist the movement of female gamete?

inner mucosa
smooth muscle layer

8

how does the inner mucosa assist with the movement of female gamete?

inner mucosa is lined with ciliated columnar epithelial cells and peg cells

9

what are peg cells within the inner mucosa of fallopian tubes?

non-ciliated secretory cells

10

function of the ciliated columnar epithelial of inner mucosa?

They waft the ovum towards the uterus and supply it with nutrients

11

how does the SM layer assist the movement of female gamete?

contracts to assist with transportation of the ova and sperm

12

what are the SM of the fallopian tubes sensitive to? what does this mean?

Muscle is sensitive to sex steroids, and thus peristalsis is greatest when oestrogen levels are high

13

what are the different anatomical parts of the fallopian tube? (lateral to medial)

4 parts:
fimbriae
infundibulum
ampulla
isthmus

14

what is the fimbriae of the fallopian tube? (function)

Finger-like, ciliated projections which capture the ovum from the surface of the ovary

15

what is the infundibulum of the fallopian tube?

Funnel-shaped opening near the ovary to which fimbriae are attached

16

what is the ampulla of the fallopian tube?

Widest section of the uterine tubes

17

what is the isthmus of the fallopian tube?

Narrow section of the uterine tubes connecting the ampulla to the uterine cavity

18

where does fertilisation normally occur?

within the ampulla of the fallopian tube

19

arterial supply of the fallopian tube?

via the uterine and ovarian arteries
(mainly ovarian artery - uterine near the isthmus)

20

venous drainage of the fallopian tube?

via the uterine and ovarian veins

21

lymphatic drainage of the fallopian tube?

via the iliac, sacral and aortic lymph nodes

22

where does the fallopian tubes receive innervation from?

both sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation via nerve fibres from the ovarian and uterine (pelvic) plexuses

23

nerve roots of fallopian tubes' sensory afferent fibres

from T11- L1