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Flashcards in Seminal vesicles Deck (31):
1

What could a submarine possibly have in common with the seminal vesicles?

they’re both full of semen
ha. ha. ha...

2

where are seminal vesicles located?

in the pelvis

3

what are seminal vesicles linked with?

intimately linked with the vas deferens

4

function of seminal vesicles?

seminal vesicles spend their time chugging out most of the constituent ingredients of semen, providing around 70% of its final volume

5

what are the seminal vesicles?

a pair of small (5cm long) tubular glands

6

where are the seminal vesicles located?

between the bladder fundus and the rectum

7

what are the seminal vesicles separated from the rectum by?

by the rectovesicle pouch
(males only have 1 pouch, females have 2)

8

what is the most important anatomical relation of the seminal vesicle?

with the vas deferens
(comes from testis)

9

what does the vas deferens combine with the seminal vesicle to form?

form the ejaculatory duct
(both join just above the prostate)

10

where does the ejaculatory duct (vas deferens + seminal vesicle) drain into?

the prostatic urethra

11

internal structure of the seminal vesicles? (histology)

Internally the gland has a honeycombed, lobulated structure with a mucosa lined by pseudostratified columnar epithelium

12

what are the pseudostratified columnar epithelium of the seminal vesicles influenced by?

highly influenced by testosterone, growing taller with higher levels

13

what are the pseudostratified columnar epithelium of the seminal vesicles responsible for producing?

seminal secretions
(in response to testosterone)

14

where are the Seminal glands derived from embryologically?

the mesonephric ducts, the precursor structure of male internal genitalia. These structures can easily be remembered using the handy acronym SEED

15

what else is derived from the mesonephric ducts embryologically?

Ejaculatory ducts, Epididymis and Ductus (vas) deferens
(and seminal vesicles)

16

what are the mesonephric ducts?

the precursor structure of male internal genitalia

17

how can you remember which structures are derived from the mesonephric duct?

SEED:
Seminal vesicles
Ejaculatory ducts (vas deferens + seminal vesicles)
Epididymis
Ductus (vas) deferens

18

what do the secretions from the seminal vesicles contain?

makes up 70% of semen:
Alkaline fluid
Fructose
Prostaglandins
Clotting factors

19

function of alkaline fluid within the seminal vesicles?

neutralises the acidity of the male urethra and vagina in order to facilitate the survival of spermatazoa

20

function of fructose within the seminal vesicles?

provides an energy source for spermatozoa - helps them keep on swimming

21

function of prostaglandins within the seminal vesicles?

have a role in suppressing the female immune response to foreign semen

22

function of clotting factors within the seminal vesicles?

designed to keep semen in the female reproductive tract post-ejaculation

23

what is the remaining volume of semen made up of?

testicular spermatozoa, prostatic secretions and mucus from the bulbourethral gland

24

where are the arteries to the seminal gland derived from?

the inferior vesicle, internal pudendal and middle rectal arteries

25

where do the inferior vesicle, internal pudendal and middle rectal arteries all stem from?

internal iliac artery

26

innervation to seminal vesicles?

same as all male genitalia: point + shoot (ANS)
sympathetic in origin

27

lymphatic drainage of seminal vesicles?

external and internal iliac lymph nodes

28

what can abscess formation in the seminal gland lead to?

can allow pus to enter the peritoneal cavity in the event of rupture

29

how can swollen seminal vesicle glands can be detected?

through digital rectal examination (DRE)

30

when can seminal glands be felt most easily?

through DRE, especially when the bladder is almost at full capacity

31

what can the palpability of the seminal vesicles through DRE allow?

can allow the glands to be massaged to release their secretions, which can be collected and used for the microscopy of certain STIs such as gonnorhoe